Throughout history, War Memorials were erected to commemorate victories in battle, but today’s memorials are not to glorify war, but to remember those who paid the ultimate sacrifice and to stand as a reminder of the horror of war, and maybe to create an understanding between former enemies in the hope that peace can be our future. Many memorials stand to the memory of the un-named dead, whereas others bear the names of the brave men and women who sadly lost their lives in these conflicts.
“They shall not grow old as we that are left grow old
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn
At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them”
A fitting epitaph, which adorns many Commonwealth memorials. “The Ode” by Lawrence Binyon.
Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery is the prime witness of more than four years of violent warfare. From 1915 until 1920 the hamlet of Lijssenthoek became the venue for the biggest evacuation hospital in the Ypres Salient. Opening Hours: Daily 09.00 to 18.00 hours. Admission: Free. Website
The Menin Gate Memorial to the Missing is one of four British and Commonwealth memorials to the missing in the battlefield area of the Ypres Salient in Belgian Flanders. The memorial bears the names of 54,389 officers and men who fell in the Ypres Salient before 16th August 1917 and who have no known grave. Every evening at 8 o’clock Last Post is played at the Menin Gate Memorial.
First discovered in 1992 by amateur archeologists named “The Diggers” , this is the remains of a British Trench. In addition to many artefacts “The Diggers” also discovered the remains of 155 First World War soldiers.
The memorial commemorates the Canadian First Division’s participation in the Second Battle of Ypres of World War I which included the defence against the first poison gas attacks along the Western Front. The memorial is also known as “The Brooding Soldier”.
Langemarck Cemetery is the only German one in the Salient and contains 44,292 burials, concentrated from many smaller cemeteries in the Salient. An oak panel just inside the entrance to the cemetery lists the names of the German missing.
Hooge Crater Cemetery is a Commonwealth War Graves Commission burial ground for the dead of the First World Warlocated in the Ypres Salient in Belgium on the Western Front.The cemetery grounds were assigned to the United Kingdom in perpetuity by the King of the Belgians in recognition of the sacrifices made by the British Empire in the defence and liberation of Belgium during the war. Hooge Crater Museum
Hill 60 is the wartime name for the high ground close to the village of Zillebeke created when a railway cutting was made here in the nineteenth century. The Mounds made from the earth excavated were named as “Hill 60”, “The Caterpillar” and “The Dump”. Here you will see evidence of fighting as well as two large mine craters.
The In Flanders Fields Museum presents the story of the First World War in the West Flanders front region. It is located in the renovated Cloth Halls of Ypres, an important symbol of wartime hardship and later recovery.
The Thiepval Memorial to the Missing of the Somme is a major war memorial to 72,191 missing British and South African men who died in the Battles of the Somme of the First World War between 1915 and 1918 with no known grave. It is near the village of Thiepval, Picardy in France. A visitors’ centre opened in 2004.
The Lochnagar crater still exists today. Early attempts to fill it in were resisted and the land was eventually purchased by Richard Dunning to ensure it would be preserved. The Lochnagar memorial and a cross made with wood from Tyneside now mark the site. The largest man-made mine crater created in the First World War on the Western Front.
The well-preserved trench system, the only survival of its kind in the Somme, gives a vivid impression of the events of the opening day of battle. Commemorating the disaster that befell the Newfoundland Regiment
This is a collection of rare and important militaria and memorabilia from the First and Second World Wars, gathered over many years by military historian and collector André Coillot. This museum is the only military collection on the Somme battlefields which comprises First and Second World War artefacts.
Essex Farm was the location of an Advanced Dressing Station. Essex Farm Cemetery itself is probably one of the most visited sites in the salient, and this is principally because of it’s association with John McCrae, writer of the WW1 poem “In Flanders Fields”.
Tyne Cot is the largest CWGC Cemetery on the Western Front with 11,953 burials. It is the largest cemetery for Commonwealth forces in the world, for any war.
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