Throughout history, War Memorials were erected to commemorate victories in battle, but today’s memorials are not to glorify war, but to remember those who paid the ultimate sacrifice and to stand as a reminder of the horror of war, and maybe to create an understanding between former enemies in the hope that peace can be our future. Many memorials stand to the memory of the un-named dead, whereas others bear the names of the brave men and women who sadly lost their lives in these conflicts.
“They shall not grow old as we that are left grow old
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn
At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them”
A fitting epitaph, which adorns many Commonwealth memorials. “The Ode” by Lawrence Binyon.
From October 1914 until October 1918 the battlefi eld was barely a few kilometres away from the centre. The trenches had been dug from North to South to form an arc around Ypres. In that famous Ypres Salient no fewer than fi ve bloody battles were fought. In the nineteen twenties more than 150 military cemeteries were built in and around the city and monuments were erected, Menin Gate being the most important. These monuments and cemeteries as well as the rebuilt houses, some of which were faithfully restored, still remind us today of the senselessness of war and of this most tragic period in the history of Ypres.
On Tuesday the 6th of June 1944, 130,000 of the Allied forces set off to land in Normandy, on the beaches of Utah, Gold, Sword, Omaha and Juno in what was called, Operation Overlord. It was the largest seaborne invasion in history and would become the base for the liberation of the German Occupied Northwest of Europe and the foundation of the Allied victory on the Western Front.
Oradour-sur-Glane is a commune in the Haute-Vienne department in the Limousin region in west-central France. The original village was destroyed on 10 June 1944, when 642 of its inhabitants, including women and children, were massacred by a German Waffen-SS company. A new village was built after the war on a nearby site but on the orders of the then French president, Charles de Gaulle, the original has been maintained as a permanent memorial and museum.
The new village of Oradour-sur-Glane was built after the war, to the northwest of the site of the massacre. The ruins of the original village remain as a memorial to the dead and to represent similar sites and events. Its museum includes items recovered from the burned-out buildings: watches stopped at the time their owners were burned alive, glasses melted from the intense heat, and various personal items.
Auschwitz -Konzentrationslager Auschwitz- or Auschwitz Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940–1945), (Located approximately 50 km west of Krakow,) was a network of Nazi German concentration and extermination campsbuilt and operated by the Third Reich in Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany during World War II. It was the largest of the German concentration camps, consisting of Auschwitz I (the Stammlager or base camp); Auschwitz II–Birkenau (theVernichtungslager or extermination camp); Auschwitz III–Monowitz, also known as Buna–Monowitz (a labor camp); and 45 satellite camps.
Mauthausen Concentration Camp (known from the summer of 1940 as Mauthausen-Gusen Concentration Camp) grew to become a large group of Nazi concentration camps that was built around the villages of Mauthausen and Gusen in Upper Austria, roughly 20 kilometres (12 mi) east of the city of Linz. Initially a single camp at Mauthausen, it expanded over time and by the summer of 1940, the Mauthausen-Gusen had become one of the largest labour camp complexes in German-controlled Europe. In January 1945, the camps, directed from the central office in Mauthausen, contained roughly 85,000 inmates.
Discover a number of different Battlefield tours you can travel to and exploe. Discover such tours as the Australian path of remembrance, the flanders fields tour, battlefields on the western front tour and much more. All tours are a way for you to experience the history of the battlefields and to remember all thise who fell and lost their lives for our freedom.
We happened to find the site of the Pegasus Bridge by accident luckily and stopped to take photos and have a coffee ( 10€ for three coffees expensive!) there were a number of British troops there and the bridge was lifted up to allow a boat to pass whilst we were there. There was a couple of war ships and some jeeps there. Heading towards the coast we passed through Dives-sur-Mer all prettily decorated with parachutes and other DDay decorative things the place was pretty much deserted as it was so early in the morning.
Shaped by its moving history and the rapid and radical changes of the last two decades, the city today exerts a quite unique fascination. Over twenty years following the fall of the Berlin wall and the re-establishment of a united Germany, the city has created itself as a young, dynamic and cosmopolitan metropolis in the heart of Europe, which is constantly re-inventing itself. Variety is guaranteed, but Berlin also offers plenty of opportunities for those who just want to relax and take it easy. Behind all this is the memorials that have been left behind of the Great War to remember the atrocities that happened.
Natzweiler-Struthof was a German concentration camp located in the Vosges Mountains close to the Alsatian village of Natzwiller in France, and the town of Schirmeck, about 50 km SW from the city of Strasbourg. Natzweiler-Struthof was the only concentration camp established by the Nazis on present-day French territory, though there were French-run temporary camps such as the one at Drancy. At the time, the Alsace-Lorraine area in which it was established had been annexed by Germany as an integral part of the German Reich, unlike other parts of France. The writer Boris Pahor was interned in Natzweiler-Struthof and wrote his novel Necropolis based on this experience.
Sachsenhausen or Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg was a Nazi concentration camp in Oranienburg, Germany, used primarily for political prisoners from 1936 to the end of the Third Reich in May, 1945. After World War II, when Oranienburg was in the Soviet Occupation Zone, the structure was used as an NKVD special camp until 1950. The remaining buildings and grounds are now open to the public as a museum. Some 30,000 inmates died there from exhaustion, disease, malnutrition or pneumonia from the freezing winter cold. Many were executed or died as the result of brutal medical experimentation. Over the course of its operation, over 100 Dutch resistance fighters were executed at Sachsenhausen
The Sonnenstein Euthanasia Clinic (German: NS-Tötungsanstalt Sonnenstein; roughly translated “Sonnenstein Nazi Death Institute”) was a Nazi killing centre located in the former fortress of Sonnenstein Castle near Pirna in East Germany, where a hospital had been established in 1811.
In 1940 and 1941, the facility was used by the Nazis to exterminate around 15,000 people in a process that was labelled as euthanasia. The majority of victims were suffering from psychological disorders and mental retardation, but their number also included inmates from the concentration camps. The institute was set up after the beginning of the Second World War as part of a Reich-wide, centrally coordinated and largely secret programme called Action T4 for the “Elimination of life unworthy of life” (Vernichtung lebensunwerten Lebens) or the killing of what the Nazis called “dead weight existences” (Ballastexistenzen). Today, the Pirna Sonnenstein Memorial Site (Gedenkstätte Pirna Sonnenstein) stands to commemorate these crimes.
The Führer Headquarters (Führerhauptquartiere in German), abbreviated FHQ, is a common name for a number of official headquarters used by the Nazi leader Adolf Hitler and various German commanders and officials throughout Europe during World War II. Perhaps the most widely known headquarters was the Führerbunker in Berlin, Germany, where Hitler committed suicide on 30 April 1945. Other notable headquarters are the Wolfsschanze (Wolf’s Lair) in East Prussia, where Claus von Stauffenberg in league with other conspirators attempted to assassinate Hitler on 20 July 1944, and Hitler’s private home, the Berghof, at Obersalzberg near Berchtesgaden, where he frequently met with prominent foreign and domestic officials.
In a country where war was fought, it lingers, even if that war is already a century behind us. For each of the more than 600,000 dead who fell here, for each of the more than 425,000 graves and names on memorials and for the hundreds of traces and relics in the front region, for each of the millions affected there is a story of suffering, pain and ordeal somewhere in the world.
Verdun is a small fortified city in the Meuse department in Grand Est in northeastern France set in a valley and surrounded by trees and forest. The River Meuse runs through the city and branches off into smaller canals. The fortification of Verdun was the work of Marshal Vauban who is responsible for many other great buildings and city walls around France.
The village of Douaumont was destroyed during World War I. Today the Douaumont Ossuary, which contains the remains of more than 100,000 unknown soldiers of both French and German nationalities found on the battlefield, stands high above the landscape.
The Douaumont Ossuary is a memorial containing the skeletal remains of soldiers who died on the battlefield during the Battle of Verdun in World War I. It is located in Douaumont, France, within the Verdun battlefield.
During the 300 days of the Battle of Verdun (21 February 1916 – 19 December 1916) approximately 230,000 men died out of a total of 700,000 casualties (dead, wounded and missing). The battle became known in German as Die Hölle von Verdun -The Hell of Verdun, or in French as L’Enfer de Verdun, and was conducted on a battlefield covering less than 20 square kilometers.