Skiing is a pastime enjoyed by millions in all different forms. The general concept is to attach long runners or skis to boots or shoes on the feet and uses them to travel on top of snow. Skiing is a past time as well as a competitive sport, it is also used as a form of fitness and has been used in the military. Many types of competitive skiing events are recognized by the International Olympic Committee, and the International Ski Federation. Skiing can be dated back to be before 5000 B.C where drawings depict a skier with one pole, located in Rødøy in the Nordland region of Norway. The word “ski” itself is one of a handful of words Norway has exported to the international community. It comes from the Old Norse word “skíð” which means split piece of wood or firewood.
Also called downhill skiing, typically, it takes place at a ski resort or dry slope. It originated in the European Alps, and is characterized by fixed-heel bindings that attach at both the toe and the heel of the skier’s boot. Sub-genres of alpine skiing include:
- Competitive classes include: slalom, giant slalom, Super-G, Downhill, and disabled skiing.
In alpine skiing, for every 1000 people skiing in a day, on average between two and four will require medical attention. Knee injuries account for 33 percent of injuries. Most accidents are the result of user error leading to an isolated fall.
Cross-country or back-country skiing is the oldest form of skiing and was developed in Scandinavia as a way of travelling over snow. It uses free-heel bindings that attach at the toes of the skier’s boots but not at the heels. Various specialties of competitive or recreational skiing developed from this basic style, sub-genres of Nordic skiing include:
- Cross-country skiing
- Ski-flying and ski jumping
Chamonix-Mont-Blanc or, more commonly, Chamonix is a commune in the Haute-Savoie département in the Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France. It was the site of the 1924 Winter Olympics, the first Winter Olympics. Situated near the massive peaks of the Aiguilles Rouges. Chamonix is one of the oldest ski resorts in France
Courchevel is the name of a ski resort located in the commune of Saint-Bon-Tarentaise in the French Alps, in the Tarentaise Valley, Savoie, Rhône-Alpes region. It is a part of Les Trois Vallées, the largest linked ski area in the world
Val d’Isère is a commune of the Tarentaise Valley, in the Savoie department (Rhône-Alpes region) in southeastern France. Along with nearby Tignes the area forms part of the “l’Espace Killy”, the self-titled “Most Beautiful Ski Area in the World”. The Pissaillas Glacier offers summer skiing, as well as the usual winter fare
Après-ski comes from the French for “After Skiing” but is now used universally and refers to the socializing that is popular after a days skiing ends. When the sun goes down is when the ski resorts come alive and enjoying a steaming mug of hot Chocolate laced with rum or a glass of hot Gluhwein whilst watching the sunset over the snow covered mountain peaks is a memory which will last a life-time.
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