Skiing is a pastime enjoyed by millions in all different forms. The general concept is to attach long runners or skis to boots or shoes on the feet and uses them to travel on top of snow. Skiing is a past time as well as a competitive sport, it is also used as a form of fitness and has been used in the military. Many types of competitive skiing events are recognized by the International Olympic Committee, and the International Ski Federation. Skiing can be dated back to be before 5000 B.C where drawings depict a skier with one pole, located in Rødøy in the Nordland region of Norway. The word “ski” itself is one of a handful of words Norway has exported to the international community. It comes from the Old Norse word “skíð” which means split piece of wood or firewood.
Also called downhill skiing, typically, it takes place at a ski resort or dry slope. It originated in the European Alps, and is characterized by fixed-heel bindings that attach at both the toe and the heel of the skier’s boot. Sub-genres of alpine skiing include:
Competitive classes include: slalom, giant slalom, Super-G, Downhill, and disabled skiing.
In alpine skiing, for every 1000 people skiing in a day, on average between two and four will require medical attention. Knee injuries account for 33 percent of injuries. Most accidents are the result of user error leading to an isolated fall.
Cross-country or backcountry skiing is the oldest form of skiing and was developed in Scandinavia as a way of travelling over snow. It uses free-heel bindings that attach at the toes of the skier’s boots but not at the heels. Various specialties of competitive or recreational skiing developed from this basic style, sub-genres of Nordic skiing include:
- Cross-country skiing
- Ski-flying and ski jumping
Cortina d’Ampezzo is a town and commune in the southern (Dolomitic) Alps located in Veneto, a region in Northern Italy. Located in the heart of the Dolomites in an alpine valley, it is a popular winter sport resort known for its ski-ranges, scenery, accommodations, shops and après-ski scene
Chamonix-Mont-Blanc or, more commonly, Chamonix is a commune in the Haute-Savoie département in the Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France. It was the site of the1924 Winter Olympics, the first Winter Olympics. Situated near the massive peaks of the Aiguilles Rouges and most notably the Aiguille du Midi, Chamonix is one of the oldest ski resorts in France
Zermatt is a municipality in the district of Visp in the canton of Valais in Switzerland. The village is situated at the end of Mattertal at an altitude of 1,620 m (5,310 ft), at the feet of Switzerland’s highest peaks. Zermatt is famed as a mountaineering and ski resort of the Swiss Alps
Kitzbühel is a small medieval town in Tyrol, Austria. Kitzbühel is one of Austria’s best-known and fanciest winter sports resorts, situated between the mountains Hahnenkamm (5616 ft, 1712 m) and Kitzbühler Horn (6548 ft, 1996 m). The Hahnenkamm is home of the annual World Cup ski races including the circuit’s most important event, the downhill race on the famous Streif slope
Sankt Anton am Arlberg, commonly referred to as St. Anton, is a village and ski resort in Tyrol, western Austria. Skiing has a long history in St. Anton: ski instructors from the area emigrated to America in the 1930s, helping to popularise the sport. St. Anton was the host of the Alpine World Ski Championships in 2001
Garmisch-Partenkirchen is a mountain resort town in Bavaria, southern Germany. In 1936 it was the site of the Winter Olympic Games, the first to feature alpine skiing. A variety of Nordic and alpine World Cup ski races are held here, usually on the Kandahar Track outside town
St. Moritz is a resort town in the Engadine valley in Switzerland. St. Moritz has been the host city for the 1928 and 1948 Winter Olympics. It also hosted the 1934, 1974 and 2003 Alpine Skiing World Championships. It is one of three cities that have hosted the Winter Olympic Games twice
Courchevel is the name of a ski resort located in the commune of Saint-Bon-Tarentaise in the French Alps, in the Tarentaise Valley, Savoie, Rhône-Alpes region. It is a part of Les Trois Vallées, the largest linked ski area in the world…
Åre is a locality and one of the leading Scandinavian ski resorts situated in Åre Municipality, Jämtland County, Sweden. Taking advantage of the Åreskutan fell, the major center for alpine skiing in Sweden has become Åre Ski Area, sporting more than 30 modern ski-lifts. It hosted the Alpine World Championships in 1954 and 2007
Ischgl (1377m) is a small village in the Paznaun Valley in Tyrol Austria. Its ski resort Silvretta Arena Ischgl-Samnaun is connected with the ski resort of Samnaun across the border in Switzerland. Together this ski area belongs to the largest skiing resorts in the Alps
Innsbruck is the capital city of the federal state of Tyrol (Tirol) in western Austria. It is an internationally renowned winter sports centre, and hosted the 1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics as well as the 1984 and 1988 Winter Paralympics. Innsbruck hosted the first Winter Youth Olympics in 2012
Val d’Isère is a commune of the Tarentaise Valley, in the Savoie department (Rhône-Alpes region) in southeastern France. Along with nearby Tignes the area forms part of the “l’Espace Killy”, the self-titled “Most Beautiful Ski Area in the World”. The Pissaillas Glacier offers summer skiing, as well as the usual winter fare
Après-ski comes from the French for “After Skiing” but is now used universally and refers to the socializing that is popular after a days skiing ends. When the sun goes down is when the ski resorts come alive and enjoying a steaming mug of hot Chocolate laced with rum or a glass of hot Gluhwein whilst watching the sunset over the snow covered mountain peaks is a memory which will last a life-time.
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