The term church is open to interpretation and debate. In this article, it means any building that was built for the primary purpose of Christian worship, for any recognised denomination of Christianity. This includes every cathedral (the seat of a bishop), basilica, and other type of church. It does not include temples of other religions, such as mosques, synagogues, and so on. A cathedral is a Christian church which contains the seat of a bishop, thus serving as the central church of a diocese, conference, orepiscopate. Although the word “cathedral” is sometimes loosely applied, churches with the function of “cathedral” occur specifically and only in those denominations with an episcopal hierarchy, such as the Roman Catholic, Anglican, Orthodox, and some Lutheran and Methodist churches.
The Latin word basilica (derived from Greek βασιλική στοά, Royal Stoa, the tribunal chamber of a king), has three distinct applications in modern English. The word was originally used to describe an open, Roman, public court building, usually located adjacent to the forum of a Roman town. By extension it was applied to Christian buildings of the same form and continues to be used in an architectural sense to describe those buildings with a central nave and aisles. Later, the term came to refer specifically to a large and important church that has been given special ceremonial rights by the Pope.
Basilica Papale di San Pietro in Vaticano – The Papal Basilica of St.Peter in Rome, lies inside the Vatican City. The tomb of the first Bishop of Rome, St.Peter, one of the twelve apostles of Christ, is located underneath the main altar of the Basilica. Many of the popes have been buried at St.Peters since early Christian times. A church has stood here since the 4th century but the present Renaissance Basilica was started on 18 April 1506 and was completed on 18 November 1626. It is one of the largest churches in the world and is described as “The Greatest of all churches in Christendom”.
The history of the foundation of the church dates back to 1813, when Tomasz Klossowski a Polish soldier fighting under Napoleon near Leipzig was seriously wounded. He invoked Our Lady, begging her not to let him die in a foreign land. According to legend, she appeared to him wearing a golden crown, a dark red gown, with a golden mantle, and holding a white eagle in her right hand. She comforted the soldier and promised he would recover and return to Poland. Tomasz was instructed him to have an image of her made
Milan Cathedral – Duomo di Milano, is the cathedral church of Milan, Italy. Dedicated to Santa Maria Nascente, it is the seat of the Archbishop of Milan, currently Cardinal Angelo Scola. Started in the 1380’s, the Gothic cathedral took nearly six centuries to complete and is built of white marble over a brick core. During its construction there were various architects involved on the building’s design including Leonardo and Bramante. It is the largest church in Italy and the fifth largest in the world and the second largest Catholic church.
The Cathedral of Saint Mary of the See better known as Seville Cathedral, is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Seville (Andalusia, Spain). It is the largest Gothic cathedral and the third-largest church in the world. At the time of its completion in the 16th century, it supplanted the Hagia Sophia as the largest cathedral in the world. Previously, the Hagia Sophia had held the title for more than a thousand years. The cathedral also serves as the burial site of Christopher Columbus.
The Basilica of the National Shrine of Our Lady Aparecida is a prominent Roman Rite Catholic basilica located in Aparecida, Brazil. It is dedicated to Our Lady Aparecida, (a variant of the Immaculate Conception) as the principal Patroness of Brazil. Its official title in Portuguese is Nossa Senhora da Conceição Aparecida, roughly translated as Our Lady of Conception Who Appeared.
Liverpool Cathedral is the Church of England Cathedral of the Diocese of Liverpool, built on St James’s Mount in Liverpool and is the seat of the Bishop of Liverpool. It may be referred to as the Cathedral Church of Christ in Liverpool or the Cathedral Church of the Risen Christ, Liverpool, being dedicated to Christ ‘in especial remembrance of his most glorious Resurrection’. Liverpool Cathedral is the largest cathedral and religious building in Britain.
Religious destinations have always been of great importance to people throughout the ages no matter what their own personal beliefs may be, and whether they are making a pilgrimage, seeking spiritual enlightenment or just enjoying travelling with the purpose of seeing the beauty in some of the world’s most divine and mysterious places these destinations remain important to the millions who visit these awe inspiring destinations every year
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