Ibiza

In 654 BC Phoenician settlers founded a port in the Balearic Islands, as Ibossim (from the Phoenician iboshim dedicated to the god of the music and dance Bes).It was later known to Romans as “Ebusus.” The Greeks, who came to Ibiza during the time of the Phoenicians, were the first to call the two islands of Ibiza and Formentera the Pityûssai (Πιτυοῦσσαι, “pine-covered islands”; a translation of the Phoenician name). With the decline of Phoenicia after the Assyrian invasions, Ibiza came under the control of Carthage, also a former Phoenician colony. The island produced dye, salt, fish sauce (garum), and wool.

Ibiza or Eivissa (Catalan) is a Spanish island in the Mediterranean Sea 79 km off the coast of the city of Valencia in Spain. It is the third largest of the Balearic Islands, an autonomous community of Spain. With Formentera, it is one of the two Pine Islands or Pityuses.The Balearic island chain includes over fifty islands, many of which are uninhabited. Its largest cities are Ibiza Town (Catalan:Vila d’Eivissa or simply Vila), Santa Eulària des Riu and Sant Antoni de Portmany. Its highest point, called Sa Talaiassa or Sa Talaia, is 475 m/1,558 ft above sea level. The island is well-known for its summer club parties which attract large numbers of tourists, but the island and the Spanish Tourist Office have been working in order to promote more family-oriented tourism.

Though some dispute the island’s ability to attract higher income families in large numbers, due to a lack of professionalism in the hospitality and service sector, the island is keen to dispel its image as merely a destination for young clubbers. Ibiza is also home to the legendary “port” in the district of Ibiza, a popular stop for many tourists and now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. While Catalan (native language) and Spanish are the official languages of Ibiza, a dialect of Catalan called Eivissenc or Ibicenco is more readily spoken by both the residents and those of Formentera.” Additionally, Ibiza because of the influence of tourism (see below) and expatriates living in or maintaining residences on the island other languages, most commonly English and German, are also spoken. Polylinguality is the norm, not the exception.Because of its rustic beauty, companies and artists alike frequently use the island for photographic and film shoots. A monument (“The Egg”) erected in honour of Christopher Columbus can be found in Sant Antoni: Ibiza is one of several places purporting to be his birthplace.

During the 23rd session of UNESCO World Heritage Committee held in Morocco from 29 November to 4 December 1999, Ibiza, based on natural and cultural criteria, was declared World Heritage. Nature Ibiza’s marine component is characterised by the presence of dense and very well preserved prairies of oceanic Posidonia (seagrass) and coral reefs.
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In the more inland areas of Ibiza, there are many hidden spots of great charm; small country villages, almond groves, olive trees, and carob trees enclosed by ancient stone walls, along with many fine examples of the island’s particular architecture. A stroll or a bike ride are two great ways to enjoy this scenery. You cannot fail to be amazed by the sunsets on the horizon or the appeal of the little islands that surround mainland Ibiza.
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The island of Ibiza has a rich archaeological, historical, artistic and ethnological heritage, stretching back from prehistoric times to the Punic world, continuing through to the Islamic medieval age and the traditional rural world. Contemporary and religious art can be enjoyed in any of the island’s museums.
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Ibiza is more than just sun and sand, and more than mere nightlife. Its unique location, climate and features make Ibiza the ideal place for visitors to do all kinds of sports at all levels, thanks to the variety of sports facilities available throughout the year.
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Hedonistic tourism would be an unthinkable concept without the pleasurable sensation of Ibiza’s food and drink on the taste buds. Many restaurants have an element of added value that makes them much more attractive than those in any other tourist resort: their location. There are very few places in the world so full of wonderful restaurants, where you can eat with your bare feet resting on the sand, sitting in the shade of a Renaissance wall or in a romantic hideaway farmhouse set in the middle of the countryside.
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Ibiza city spreads out around the old Dalt Vila, a hill at the entrance to the port on which stands the oldest part of the city. Founded in 654 BC by the Phoenicians, it was a thriving commercial centre during the Punic era. Dalt Vila is unquestionably the most iconic part of the city and was declared a world heritage site by UNESCO.
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Sant Antoni de Portmany (or San Antonio) is a town on the western coast of Ibiza. It is the second-largest town and municipality in Ibiza; an island described by Time Out magazine as “arguably the clubbing capital of the universe”. The town is situated on Sant Antoni Bay on the west coast of the island, part of the Spanish autonomous community of the Balearic Islands.
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There is no doubt that Ibiza is the capital city of fun. Here you will find the very best nightlife and the best clubs and DJs from all over the world. The island bars and discos offer more than just music. They also put on incredible and fun audiovisual spectacles which are advertised in the streets around the port of Ibiza. In consequence, it is not unusual to find celebrities soaking up the atmosphere on the terrace bars and in the discos on the island.
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The concept of ‘Adlib fashion’ goes back a long way and is a key element of Ibiza’s industry and economy, as well as a tourist attraction. This fashion, inspired by the clothes and dresses typical of the Pitiusan islands and the hippy movement, was started up by the Yugoslavian princess Smilja Mihailovitch in around 1971. It allowed women to be more conscious of their bodies and to dress in a more liberal, comfortable and elegant style.
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