The Valencian Community is an autonomous community of Spain located in central and south-eastern Iberian Peninsula. Its capital and largest city is Valencia. The region is divided into three provinces: Alicante, Castellón and Valencia, and thirty four comarques. The official name of the autonomous community, Comunitat Valenciana, has seen a variety of renditions in English; including “Valencian Community”, “Valencian Country”, “Land of Valencia”, “Region of Valencia” or most commonly, simply “Valencia”. The Spanish name, Comunidad Valenciana, was co-official under the first Statute of Autonomy of 1982. At the present moment, the Valencian Government translates the name as “Region of Valencia” and, sometimes, “Land of Valencia”, as the Department of Tourism states in publications edited both in Spanish and English. The origins of present day Valencia date back to the former Kingdom of Valencia (Regne de València), which came into existence in the 13th century. James I of Aragon led Christian conquest and colonization of the existing Islamic taifas with Aragonese and Catalan people in 1208 and founded the Kingdom of Valencia as a third independent country within the Crown of Aragon in 1238.
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