Cammino di Santiago – Routes

Camino Francés

General Description: Far and away the best known and most traveled of the routes. Three of the main routes through France feed into the francés north of the Pyrenees and a number of the routes in Spain join the francés at various points along its length. 774 km (from Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port) or 749 km (from Roncesvalles) to Santiago de Compostela. Starting typically in either Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port in France or in Roncesvalles in Spain and traveling through Pamplona, Puente de la Reina, Logroño, Burgos, León, Astorga, Ponferrada and Sarria to Santiago.

Waymarking: Extremely well marked with painted yellow arrows as well as plaques and signposts, the latter usually with stylized scallop shell symbols.

Terrain: Quite varied terrain beginning with the ascent and/or the descent of the Pyrenees, then passing through the rich vineyards of La Rioja, the vast meseta (the high, flat, exposed tableland between Burgos and León), then into the Montes de León before crossing the high pass of O Cebreiro into the province of Galicia where many river valleys are crossed.

When to go: The route is traversed at all times of the year primarily because there are at least minimal services available year round. However there is very likely to be snow in the winter months and early spring in the Pyrenees, the Montes de Oca (east of Burgos), the Montes de León and in Galicia. Most of the route, but especially the meseta, is extremely hot in the summer months of July and August. Climate charts for Pamplona, Burgos and Santiago de Compostela.

Accommodation: Among all the routes, the Camino francés has without question the most highly developed infrastructure with plentiful sleeping accommodations of all types—pilgrim albergues and refugios operated by associations and governmental units and as private businesses, hostales, small hotels and several high-end hotels in the Spanish government’s parador system. Some camping in the summer. Food options are plentiful. Generally facilities are only rarely further apart than 10 km.

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