The Sant Ferran Castle (Catalan: Castell de Sant Ferran) is situated on a hill in Figueres, Catalonia at the end of Pujada del Castell. It is a large military fortress built in the eighteenth century under the orders of several military engineers, including Peter Martin i Cermeño Juan Martin Cermeño. It is the largest monument of Catalonia.
Following the negotiation of the Treaty of the Pyrenees, the castle, Fort de Bellegarde in Le Perthus passed into the hands of the French state. To replace that bastion and to stop possible future invasions, it was decided to build a fortress on the hill in Figueres. The first stone was placed on December 13, 1753. The name of Sant Ferran was given in honor of King Ferdinand VI of Spain.
The castle occupies an area of 32ha within a perimeter of 3120m, and cisterns located under the courtyard are able to hold up to 40 million liters of water. At its height, the castle could support 6,000 troops.
Following its ceasing to be used as a prison, in July 1997, it was opened to the public with guided tours to show the characteristics of the fortress. These tours emphasize the sophisticated construction techniques from the military engineering of the time.
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