Catalonia –Catalunya – is one of the seventeen autonomous communities of the Kingdom of Spain. Catalonia comprises four provinces: Barcelona, Girona, Lleida and Tarragona. Its capital city is Barcelona. Catalonia covers an area of 32,114 km² and has an official population of 7,535,251. It borders France and Andorra to the north, Aragon to the west, the Valencian Community to the south, and the Mediterranean Sea to the east (580 km coastline). The official languages are Spanish, Catalan and Aranese (Occitan). Catalonia is legally recognized as a “nationality” of Spain. The name Catalunya (Catalonia) began to be used in the 11th century in reference to the group of counties that comprised the Marca Hispanica. The origin of the term is subject to diverse interpretations. A theory suggests that Catalunya derives from the term “Land of Castles”, having evolved from the term castlà, the ruler of a castle (see castellan). This theory therefore suggests that the name Castille and Catalonia have the same etymology, though critics question this. Another theory suggests that Catalunya (Latin Gathia Launia) derives from the name Gothia (or Gauthia), “Land of the Goths”, since the Spanish March was first known as Gothia, whence Gothland > Gothlandia > Gothalania > Catalonia theoretically derived. Yet another less accepted theory points to the Lacetani, an Iberian tribe that lived in the area and whose name, due to the Roman influence, could have evolved by metathesis to Katelans and then Catalans.
The Central Market of Sabadell (Catalonia, Spain) is a large building designed between 1927 and 1930 by local architect Josep Renom i Costa, spanning both the “monumentalism” typical of the construction craze at the end of Miguel Primo de Rivera’s dictatorship and the beginning of the Second Spanish Republic.
Santa Coloma de Gramenet is a city in Catalonia, Spain. It is situated on the south-east side of the Litoral range, with the Puig Castellar (299 m) as its highest point, on the left bank of the Besòs river: the municipalities of Sant Adrià de Besòs and Badalona separate it from the coast.
The Pyrenees and the Mediterranean have been the scene of world history for thousands of years. The foothills of the Pyrenees contain a rich treasure of historical monuments, as well as a large number of historic religious sites with a rich variety of sacred art.
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