Consuegra is a municipality located in the province of Toledo, Castile-La Mancha, Spain. In 2009 the municipality had a population of 10,932 inhabitants. It is 80 km from Ciudad Real and 60 km from Toledo.
Consuegra is famous due to its windmills. They became famous in the 16th century, when Don Quixote was first published.. The introduction of the windmills was made by “Caballeros Sanjuanistas”, who brought these machines that helped millers. These machines used the wind to grind grain (the most common grain is wheat). The windmills were transmitted from fathers to sons. They usually consisted of two rooms or levels. Millers had to carry sacks of grains that could weigh 60 or 70 kilos to the top floor, they rotated the sails of the windmill as the top part of the windmill or dome was moveable. They stopped being used at the beginning of the1980s.
Some of the most important parts of the windmill are:
- Tunnel or canal: through it the grain goes down.
- Container: where the grain is stored
- Piece of wood: for moving the sails
All of them had names to differentiate one from another
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