The Principality of Asturias is a community within the kingdom of Spain, former Kingdom of Asturias in the Middle Ages. It is situated on the Spanish north coast (Bay of Biscay) facing the Cantabrian Sea. The most important cities are the provincial capital, Oviedo (Uviéu), the seaport and largest city Gijón (Xixón), and the industrial town of Avilés. Asturias has been occupied, first by Homo erectus, then by Neanderthals and finally by modern humans, since the Lower Paleolithic era, and during the Upper Paleolithic was characterized by cave paintings in the eastern part of the area. In the Mesolithic period, a native culture developed, that of the Asturiense, and later, with the introduction of the Bronze Age, megaliths and tumuli were constructed. In the Iron Age, the territory came under the cultural influence of the Celts; the local Celtic peoples, known as the Astures, were composed of tribes such as the Luggones, the Pesicos, and others, who populated the entire area with castros (fortified hill-towns). Today the Astur Celtic influence persists in place names, such as those of rivers and mountains.
The Cantabrian Mountains or Cantabrian Range (Spanish: Cordillera Cantábrica) are one of the main systems of mountain ranges in Spain. They extend for more than approximately 180 miles (300 km) across northern Spain, from the western limit of the Pyrenees to the edges of the Galician Massif close to Galicia, along the coast of the Cantabrian Sea.
Oviedo is the capital city of the Principality of Asturias in northern Spain. Oviedo, which is the administrative and commercial centre of the region, also hosts the annual Prince of Asturias Awards. This prestigious event, held in the city’s Campoamor Theatre, recognizes international achievement in eight categories.
Llanes in the province of Asturias, in northern Spain. Stretches for about 30 km along the coast. Llanes is bounded to the south by the Sierra del Cuera, which rises to over 1,100 m. The region is part of the Costa Verde of Spain, which is known for its spectacular coastal scenery, beaches, and mountains.
The Santa Cueva de Covadonga is a Catholic sanctuary located in Asturias, northern Spain. It is a cave in the Picos de Europa mountains, which gives its name to the parish of Covadonga in the concejo of Cangas de Onís. The meaning of “Covadonga”, from the Latin Cova Dominica is “Cave of the Lady”, because the place is dedicated to the cult of the Virgin of Covadonga.
The Oscar Niemeyer International Cultural Centre by the Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer is a a big cultural centre of international significance located in Avilés, Asturias (Spain). The architect described the Niemeyer Centre as “An open square to the humankind, a place for education, culture and peace”.
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