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Cities in Spain

Madrid – The Capital city of Spain

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With its bright blue skies, mild climate, endless days of sunshine, and the exuberant lifestyle of the locals, Madrid never sleeps. The Spanish capital is unquestionably one of the liveliest cities in the world, and what’s more, it forms part of a dynamic region brimming with culture, art and natural beauty.

Andalucia

Seville is the capital and largest city of Andalusia. Seville offers monumental heritage, culture and gastronomy. Seville shows itself to the world as a singular territory able to provide unforgettable experiences. Centuries of History have left one of the world most remarkable cultural legacies.

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Ronda is a city in Spanish province of Málaga. It is located about 100 kilometres (62 mi) Northwest from the city of Málaga, within the autonomous community of Andalusia. Around the city are remains of prehistoric settlements dating to the Neolithic Age, including the rock paintings of Cueva de la Pileta. Ronda was however first settled by the early Celts, who, in the 6th century BC, called it Arunda.

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Aragon

Zaragoza ( Saragossa ) Spain

Zaragoza ( Saragossa )  is the capital city of the Zaragoza Province and of the region of Aragon, Spain. It is situated on the Ebro river near the centre of the region, in a valley with a variety of landscapes, ranging from desert (Los Monegros) to thick forest, meadows and mountains.

Zaragoza ( Saragossa )

Teruel is a town in Aragon, eastern Spain, and the capital of Teruel Province. It has a population of 34,240 in 2006 making it one of the least populated province capitals in the country. It is noted for its harsh climate (hot in summer and very cold in winter), its renowned jamón serrano (cured ham), its pottery, its surrounding archaeological sites with some of the oldest dinosaur remains of the Iberian Peninsula, and its famous Fiestas (La vaquilla del ángel during the second weekend of July and “Bodas de Isabel de Segura” around the third weekend of February). Teruel is regarded as the “town of mudéjar” due to numerous buildings designed in this style. All of them are comprised in the Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon which is a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO.

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Alquézar is a municipality in the province of Huesca, in the autonomous community of Aragon, Spain. In 2004, it had a population of 309. Situated on a limestone outcrop of Eocene age to the west of the canyon of the Rio Vero river in the Sierra de Guara national park, the village has grown around a castle (alcázar) and the Colegiata de Alquézar of Santa Maria (consecrated in 1099). The limestone is rich in nummulites (large foraminifera) from the shallow marine depositional environment.

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Asturias

Oviedo is the capital city of the Principality of Asturias in northern Spain. It is also the name of the municipality that contains the city. Oviedo, which is the administrative and commercial centre of the region, also hosts the annual Prince of Asturias Awards. This prestigious event, held in the city’s Campoamor Theatre, recognizes international achievement in eight categories. It is said that two monks, Máximo and Fromestanus, founded the city in 761.

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Llanes is a traditional fishing port, with an active harbour and many notable monuments and traditions; one plaque commemorates the 65 sailors from Llanes who sailed on the three ships it fitted out for the Spanish Armada in 1588 (the Santa Ana, the San Nicolas, and the Santelmo). Parts of the surviving town walls date to 1206. Another plaque commemorates the visit of Emperor Charles V on September 26, 1517, who, when on his way to Valladolid to be crowned King of Castile, stayed for two nights before resuming his journey.

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Covadonga is a village and one of 11 parishes in Cangas de Onís, a municipality within the province and autonomous community of Asturias, in northwestern Spain. It is situated in the Picos de Europa mountains.

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Belearic Islands

Port de Sóller is a village and the port of the town of Sóller, in Mallorca, in the Balearic Islands, Spain. Along with the village of Fornalutx and the hamlet of Biniaraix they combine to form Sóller. The combined population is around 12,000. A tramway links the inland town of Sóller to Port de Sóller, running along the beach-side road.

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Magaluf is a major holiday resort on the Spanish island of Majorca, primarily catering for the British and Scandinavian package holiday market. Magaluf is in the municipality of Calvià and is situated within a group of towns, primarily Torrenova and Palma Nova. The main airport of Majorca is approximately 24 kilometres (15 mi) away from Magaluf.

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Ibiza city spreads out around the old Dalt Vila, a hill at the entrance to the port on which stands the oldest part of the city. Founded in 654 BC by the Phoenicians, it was a thriving commercial centre during the Punic era. Dalt Vila is unquestionably the most iconic part of the city and was declared a world heritage site by UNESCO. Ringed by Renaissance defensive walls erected in the 16th century, the inner area is crisscrossed by narrow cobbled streets that invite the visitor to discover the hidden corners and romantic restaurants of a place whose charm derives from its centuries of history.

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Sant Antoni de Portmany (or San Antonio) is a town on the western coast of Ibiza. It is the second-largest town and municipality in Ibiza; an island described by Time Out magazine as “arguably the clubbing capital of the universe”. The town is situated on Sant Antoni Bay on the west coast of the island, part of the Spanish autonomous community of the Balearic Islands

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Basque Country

Guevara / Gebara is a small village through which the Zadorra River runs. The village is administered by the council of Barrundia and situated in the province of Álava, in the Basque Autonomous Community, Spain. The place is renowned for the role played by the lords of Guevara in the Basque Party Wars of the late Middle Ages and their castle conspicuous from miles away at the top of a hill

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Zumaia / Zumaya is a small town in the north of Spain in the Basque Country. The Mayor is Iñaki Agirrezabala, member of Eusko Alkartasuna and Gazte Abertzaleak.

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Donostia-San Sebastián is a city and municipality located in the north of Spain, in the coast of the Bay of Biscay and 20 km away from the French border. The city is the capital of Gipuzkoa, in the autonomous community of the Basque Country. Locals call themselves donostiarras, both in Spanish and Basque. The main economic activities are commerce and tourism, being one of the most famous tourism destinations in Spain. Despite the city’s small size, international events such as the San Sebastian International Film Festival have given it an international dimension. San Sebastian, along with Wroclaw, Poland, will be the European Capital of Culture in 2016.

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Vitoria-Gasteiz is the capital city of the province of Álava and of the autonomous community of the Basque Country in northern Spain. It is the second largest Basque city. The dwellers of the city are called Vitorianos or Gasteiztarras, while traditionally they are dubbed Babazorros (Basque for ‘bean eaters’).

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Santurtzi is a port town in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, Spain. It is located in the Bilbao Abra bay,near the mouth of the Nervión river, on its left bank, 14km downriver from Bilbao and forms part of the Greater Bilbao agglomeration.

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Cantabria

Santillana del Mar is a historic town situated in Cantabria, Spain. Certain features of this historical town includes Altamira Caves (Cuevas de Altamira) and many historic buildings, attracting thousands of holiday-makers every year.

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Castro Urdiales is a seaport of northern Spain, in the autonomous community of Cantabria, situated on the bay of Biscay. Castro Urdiales is a modern town, although its castle and the Gothic-style parish church of Santa María de la Asunción, date from the Middle Ages. Its chief industries are tourism, fishing, and the preservation of fish, especially sardines and anchovies, in oil

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Castile and Leon

Salamanca is a city in western Spain, in the community of Castile and León. Because it is known for its beautiful buildings and urban environment, the Old City was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988. It is the most important university city in Spain and is known for its contributions to the teaching of the Spanish language.

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Valladolid is a historic city and municipality in north-central Spain, situated at the confluence of the Pisuerga and Esgueva rivers, and located within three wine-making regions: Ribera del Duero, Rueda and Cigales. It is the capital of the province of Valladolid and of the autonomous community of Castile and León (de facto).

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Castile-La Mancha

Maqueda is a Spanish town located 80 kilometers from Madrid and 45 kilometers from Toledo. Located within the autonomous community Castilla-La Mancha and the province of Toledo, Maqueda is located in the comarca of Torrijos.

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The site of the ancient Segontia (“dominating over the valley”) of the Celtiberian Arevaci, now called Villavieja (“old town”), is at half a league distant from the present Sigüenza. Livy mentions the town in his discussion of the wars of Cato with the Celtiberians. The city fell under Roman, Visigothic, Moorish and Castilian rule. Around 1123, it was taken by Bernard of Agen, its first bishop. Sigüenza played a large part in the civil wars of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.

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Cuenca is located across a steep spur, whose slopes descend into deep gorges of the Júcar and Huécar rivers. It is divided into two separate settlements: the “new” city is situated south-west to the old one, which is divided by the Huécar course.

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Consuegra is a municipality located in the province of Toledo, Castile-La Mancha, Spain. In 2009 the municipality had a population of 10,932 inhabitants. It is 80 km from Ciudad Real and 60 km from Toledo.

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Catalonia

Tarragona is a city located in the south of Catalonia on the north-east of Spain, by the Mediterranean. It is the capital of the Spanish province of the same name and the capital of the Catalan comarca Tarragonès. In the medieval and modern times it was the capital of the Vegueria of Tarragona.

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Lleida is a city in the west of Catalonia, Spain. It is the capital city of the province of Lleida, as well as the largest city in the province and it had 137,387 inhabitants as of 2010, including the contiguous municipalities of Raimat and Sucs.

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Santa Coloma de Gramenet is a city in Catalonia, Spain. It is situated on the south-east side of the Litoral range, with the Puig Castellar (299 m) as its highest point, on the left bank of the Besòs river: the municipalities of Sant Adrià de Besòs and Badalona separate it from the coast. It is essentially a banlieue (or suburb) of Barcelona.

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Located between the sea and the mountains, with a river on either side of it, Barcelona is the capital of Catalonia. Barcelona is a lively, dynamic and active city in which history and modernity coexist alongside the historical buildings in the old quarters of the city: the Barri Gòtic, Ribera and Raval.

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Extremadura

Cáceres is the capital of the same name province, in the autonomous community of Extremadura, Spain. As of 2009, its population was 91,131 inhabitants. The municipio has a land area of 1,750.33 km², and is the largest in geographical extension in Spain.

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Badajoz is the capital of the Province of Badajoz in the autonomous community of Extremadura, Spain, situated close to the Portuguese border, on the left bank of the river Guadiana, and the Madrid–Lisbon railway.

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Zafra is a town situated in the Province of Badajoz (Extremadura, Spain), and the capital of the comarca of Zafra – Río Bodión.

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Plasencia is a walled market city in the province of Cáceres, Extremadura, Western Spain. Situated on the bank of the Jerte River, Plasencia has a historic quarter that is a consequence of the city’s strategic location along the Silver Route, or Ruta de la Plata. Since the 15th century, the noblemen of the region began to move to Plasencia, defining its current appearance.

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Galicia

Lugo is a city in northwestern Spain, in the autonomous community of Galicia. It is the capital of the province of Lugo. Lugo is the only city in the world to be surrounded by completely intact Roman walls, which reach a height of 10 to 15 metres along a 2117 m circuit ringed with 71 towers.
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Santiago de Compostela is the capital of the autonomous community of Galicia, Spain. The city’s Cathedral is the destination today, as it has been throughout history, of the important 9th century medieval pilgrimage route, the Way of St. James. In 1985 the city’s Old Town was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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The town was declared a Historical Artistic Site in 1947. Near the Campo da Feira, one can find the ruins of the castle of the Sarmientos, the Counts of Ribadavia, dating from the fifteenth century. It still preserves the interior, towers and the walls. Parts of the walls that surrounded the town are also still standing.
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Betanzos is a municipality in Galicia, Spain, in the Province of A Coruña. In Roman times Betanzos was called Carunium or Brigantium. During the Medieval period the settlement was known as Carunio. The town is located in a fertile valley close to the Atlantic Ocean, and it has one of the best preserved old quarters in Galicia.
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Although mainly a town of services, is not without its tourist sites. The town has three parts: the medieval, the area of 19th-century expansion, and the modern perimeter. Many who pass by on the highway linking Madrid to Vigo are unaware of the medieval quarter, with its narrow streets and tiny plazas.The Plaza Mayor is the center of city life with its arcaded shops and the simple, but beautiful Town Hall.
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Cambre is a municipality of Spain in the Province of A Coruña, in the autonomous community of Galicia. It is located 12 km from the capital city and ten minutes away from the city’s airport, Alvedro.
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La Rioja

San Millán de la Cogolla is a sparsely populated municipality in La Rioja, (Spain). It takes its name from a 6th-century saint (Saint Emilianus or San Millán) who lived here, and from the shape of the surrounding mountains (the word cogolla means “cowl”)
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Chichicastenango, also known as Santo Tomás Chichicastenango, is a town in the El Quiché department of Guatemala, known for its traditional K’iche’ Maya culture. The Spanish conquistadors gave the town its name from the Nahuatl name used by their soldiers from Tlaxcala
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Santo Domingo de la Calzada is a municipality in La Rioja, Spain, situated on the banks of the Oja River. Its name refers to its founder, Dominic de la Calzada, who built a bridge, hospital, and hotel here for pilgrims on the Way of St. James.
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Logroño is a city in northern Spain, on the Ebro River. It is the capital of the autonomous community of La Rioja, formerly known as La Rioja Province. The city is a centre of the trade in Rioja wine, for which the area is noted
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Haro is a town and municipality in the northwest of La Rioja province in northern Spain. It is known for its fine red wine and every year the Haro Wine Festival is held where locals hold a wine battle.
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Area of Madrid

Buitrago del Lozoya is a municipality of the Community of Madrid, Spain. The town is one of the few in the community that have maintained its walls, which are of Moorish origin. It lies on a peninsula surrounded by the Lozoya river.
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Alcalá de Henares meaning Citadel on the river Henares, is a Spanish city, whose historical centre is one of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites, and one of the first bishoprics founded in Spain.
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Carabaña is a small municipality in the Community of Madrid. It is located 50 km from Madrid on the banks of the Tajuña River. Carabaña was on the Roman road that ran from Mérida to Tarragona, and was also a Visgothic settlement. With more than 2000 years of history, Carabaña is one of the oldest towns in Madrid community
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San Lorenzo de El Escorial, also known as El Escorial de Arriba is a town and municipality in the Community of Madrid, Spain, located to the northwest of the region in the southeastern side of the Sierra de Guadarrama, at the foot of Mount Abantos and Las Machotas
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Aranjuez has been one of the Royal Estates of the Crown of Spain since the times of Philip II in 1560. Until 1752, only the royalty and nobility were allowed to dwell in the town. The Cultural Landscape of Aranjuez was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2001.

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Torrelaguna. Torrelaguna’s old town has the same illustrious character as the people who were born in this village—including Cardinal Cisneros and Santa María de la Cabeza—and those that lived among its streets, such as San Isidro Labrador.

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Murcia

Murcia a city in south-eastern Spain and the seventh largest city in the country. It is located on the Segura River, in the Southeast of the Iberian Peninsula, noted by a mild climate with hot summers, tepid winters and scarce precipitation.
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Caravaca de la Cruz is a town and municipality of southeastern Spain in the province of Murcia, near the left bank of the River Argos, a tributary of the Segura. This city is the capital of the northwest Region of Murcia.
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Moratalla is a small town and the center of a large municipality of the same name in the Autonomous Community of the Region of Murcia in southeastern Spain. It is chiefly a mountainous and comparatively cool territory
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Cieza is a town and municipality in Spain, in the autonomous community of Murcia. It is the capital of the Vega Alta comarca. The Segura River passes by the town. Its economy is based on agriculture, mainly in the cultivation of peaches and olives.
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San Pedro del Pinatar is a small town and municipality in the autonomous community and province of Murcia, southeastern Spain. The municipality is situated at the northern end of Murcia’s Mediterranean coastline, the Costa Cálida, and borders with the province of Alicante
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Lorca town in the community of Murcia in southeastern Spain, 36 miles southwest of the city of Murcia. The main town is home to Lorca Castle and the Collegiate church dedicated to St. Patrick. In ancient times Lorca was the frontier town between Christian and Muslim Spain.
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Navarre

Pamplona is the historial capital city of Navarre, in Spain and France, and of the former kingdom of Navarre. The city is famous worldwide for the San Fermín festival, from July 6 to 14, in which the running of the bulls is one of the main attractions.
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Estella (Spanish) or Lizarra (Basque) is a town located in the autonomous community of Navarre, in northern Spain. It lies south west of Pamplona, close to the border with La Rioja and Álava. The town was founded in 1090 when the place, lying by the fortified settlement of Lizarra, was granted a charter by the Pamplonese king Sancho Ramirez.
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Archeological excavations have shown that the area of Tudela has been populated since the lower paleolithic. The town of Tudela was founded by the Romans on Celt-Iberian settlements. Since then the town has been inhabited continuously.
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Valencia

Valencia

Valencia or València is the most populated city of the region of Valencia and the third largest city in Spain. Its main festival, the Falles, is known worldwide, while the traditional dish, paella, originated around Valencia.

Valencia

Morella is an ancient walled city located on a hill-top in the province of Castellón, Valencian Community, Spain. The town is the capital and administrative centre of the comarca of Els Ports, in the historic Maestrat (Maestrazgo) region.
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Benidorm is a coastal town and municipality located in the comarca of Marina Baixa, in the province of Alicante, Valencian community, Spain, by the Western Mediterranean.
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Torrevieja is a seaside city and municipality located on the Costa Blanca in the province of Alicante, in south-eastern Spain. Torrevieja was originally a salt-mining and fishing village as it is located between the sea and two large salt lakes
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Castellón de la Plana or Castelló de la Plana is the capital city of the province of Castelló, in the Valencian Community, Spain, in the east of the Iberian Peninsula, on the Costa del Azahar by the Mediterranean Sea.
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Elche is a city located in the comarca of Baix Vinalopó, in the Alicante province which, in turn, is a part of the Valencian Community, Spain. Part of the municipality is coastal but the main city is some 11 km (6.8 miles) from the Mediterranean Sea.
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Alicante is a city in Spain, the capital of the Province of Alicante and of the comarca of Alacantí, in the south of the Valencian Community. It is also a historic Mediterranean port.
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Villajoyosa or La Vila Joiosa is a coastal town and municipality in the province of Alicante, Valencian Community, Spain, by the Mediterranean Sea.
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