The Platamon Castle is a castle of the middle Byzantine period (10th century AD) and is located southeast of Mount Olympus, in a strategic position which controls the exit of the Tempe valley, through which passes the main road connecting Macedonia with Thessaly and southern Greece. The tower, which overlooks the highway, is an imposing medieval fortress. The Turks seized the castle around in 1386, but soon came back to the occupation by the forces and more than 100 Turks were burned alive inside the castle
Important discoveries are the board of Hellenistic wall, that confirm the suggestion that on this position was the ancient Greek city Heraklion and the gate in the wall of the donjon. The core of the city Heraklion remains to be found, but it is posited that it is located on the northwest side of the castle’s hill due to shells and coins found during recent excavations.
The name Platamon is derived from the Homeric word roots for “smoothed stone from the sea” and “even wide coast.” The name most likely comes from the location of the castle, with wide beaches adjacent to the castle on its sea side. It is thought the name had been used for the hill on which the castle sits since ancient times and was continued to be used after the castle was erected.
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