Chief city of the Lot, Cahors lies in a meander of the river as it has for about 2000 years since the Romans founded it. That era was prosperous, although relatively few vestiges are visible (the underground car park contains a 55 m section of wall from the amphitheater). The medieval city, which timidly reformed after the upheaval of the Roman Empire’s fall, was much smaller, confined to the eastern side of the meander by ramparts, and centered on the cathedral with its two domes. From the mid-12th to the mid-14th C., a period of economic and demographic expansion resulted in the complete reconstruction of the city, within its walls: from this time, about 350 houses still remain visible, one of the reasons why Cahors has “Ville d’Art et d’Histoire” status.
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