Les Invalides , commonly known as Hôtel national des Invalides, is a complex of buildings in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, France, containing museums and monuments, all relating to the military history of France, as well as a hospital and a retirement home for war veterans, the building’s original purpose.
The buildings house the Musée de l’Armée, the military museum of the Army of France, the Musée des Plans-Reliefs, and the Musée d’Histoire Contemporaine, as well as the Dôme des Invalides, a large church with the tombs of some of France’s war heroes.
The most notable tomb at Les Invalides is that of Napoleon Bonaparte (1769–1821). Napoleon was initially interred on Saint Helena, but King Louis Philippe arranged for his remains to be brought to France in 1840. Napoléon’s remains were first buried in the Chapelle Saint-Jérôme in the Invalides until his final resting place, a tomb made of red quartzite and resting on a green granite base, was finished in 1861.
Some members of Napoleon’s family, several military officers who served under him, and other French military heroes are also buried at Les Invalides. Also Vauban’s heart, designer of Louis XIV’s military fortifications and a Marshal of France, is interred here.
The Army Museum is open every day.
- 1 April to 31 October: Monday to Sunday, 10 am to 6 pm
- 1 November to 31 March: Monday to Sunday, 10 am to 5 pm
- Tills close 30 min before the museum closes.
Official website: www.musee-armee.fr
See also ‘Churches at Les Invalides’
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