Franche-Comté the former “Free County” of Burgundy,and is now part of the larger region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comte. It is composed of the modern departments of Doubs, Jura, Haute-Saône and Territoire de Belfort.
The principal cities are the capital Besançon, Belfort, and Montbéliard (Aire Urbaine Belfort-Montbéliard-Héricourt-Delle). Other important cities are Dole (capital before the region was conquered by Louis XIV in the late 17th century), Vesoul (capital of Haute-Saône), Arbois(the “wine capital” of the Jura), and Lons-le-Saunier (capital of Jura).
Among the regional languages of France the term Franc-Comtois refers to two dialects of two different languages. Franc-Comtois is the name of both the dialect of Langue d’Oïl spoken by people in the northern part of the region and the dialect of Arpitan spoken in its southern part since as early as the 13th century (the southern two-thirds of Jura and the southern third of Doubs). Both are recognized as languages of France.
See also: Attractions in Franche-Comté
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