Gold, commonly known as Gold Beach, was the code name for one of the five areas of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on 6 June 1944, during the Second World War. Gold, the central of the five areas, was located between Port-en-Bessin on the west and La Rivière on the east. High cliffs at the western end of the zone meant that the landings took place on the flat section between Le Hamel and La Rivière, in the sectors code-named Jig and King. Taking Gold was to be the responsibility of the British Army, with sea transport, mine sweeping, and a naval bombardment force provided by the Royal Navy as well as elements from the Dutch, Polish and other Allied navies.
The objectives at Gold were to secure a beachhead, move west to capture Arromanches and establish contact with the American forces at Omaha, capture Bayeux and the small port at Port-en-Bessin, and to link up with the Canadian forces at Juno to the east. Forces attacking Gold faced elements of the German 352nd Infantry Division and German 716th Infantry Division. About 2,000 men were stationed in the immediate area. Improvements to fortifications along the Normandy coast had been undertaken under the leadership of Generalfeldmarschall Erwin Rommel beginning in October 1943.
The museum is located in a place redolent with history, overlooking the beach and the remains of the Mulberry Harbour, at the heart of a vibrant, busy square lined with shops and cafés. The permanent exhibition on the Normandy Landings was officially opened on June 5th 1954 in Arromanches by Monsieur René COTY, the then President of the French Republic. It was the first museum to be built in commemoration of June 6th 1944 and the Normandy Campaign. The D-day Museum overlooks the very spot where one of the Mulberry Harbours was constructed and where its remains can still be seen today, just a few hundred metres from the shore.
The museum is divided into five different sections:
- a gallery of working models overlooking the historic site (guided tour),
- a diorama,
- hall of the Allied Nations: the museum collections,
- a film featuring exceptional archive footage,
- the shops
Located on the Arromanches clifftops, the Arromanches 360 Circular cinema dominates the remnants of one of the two artificial Mulberry harbours set up by the Allies. Thanks to a film shown on 9 screns in HD, discover exceptional archive footages collected from around the world that tell the whole story of the 100 days of the Battle of Normandy. This film is a tribute to the men of all nations who fell and to the 20.000 civilians killed during the liberation of Western Europe that gave rise to so much hope. A technical and artistic performance that gathers archive images unpublished for the most, and coming grom various countries’ funds such as Canada, the United States, Germany, England and France.
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