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Fortress and Palaces in Salzburg

Hohensalzburg Fortress

Hohensalzburg Fortress, built in 1077 by Archbishop Gebhard, considerably enlarged by Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach (1495-1519), largest, fully-preserved fortress in central Europe. The medieval princes’ apartments and the Fortress Museum are of particular interest. Since 1892 the fortress can easily be reached by funicular railway departing from the Festungsgasse. The more than 900-year-old citadel dates back to the investiture controversy between emperor and pope over the right to appoint the bishop. As a faithful servant of the pope, Archbishop Gebhart von Salzburg had the strongholds of Hohensalzburg, Hohenwerfen and Friesach built on his sovereign territory in 1077. Expansion of Gebhart’s fortifications were temporarily completed under Konrad I (1160 – 1147)

Salzburg Residenz Palace – State Rooms

The medieval bishops’ residence was given today’s magnificent early Baroque appearance at the end of the 16th century. Open to the public: the State Rooms of the Residenz – formerly used by Salzburg’s prince archbishops as reception rooms and living quarters – as well as the Residenz Gallery with its fabulous collection of paintings by European artists of the 16th – 19th centuries. The building referred to as the New Building of the Residenz is located across from the Residenz. Salzburg’s Residenz, situated in the heart of the city, is an extensive complex of buildings, containing some 180 rooms and three spacious courtyards. Here the the prince archbishops of Salzburg held court and controlled the destiny of their country up to the 19th century. The prince archbishops continued to add on to their palace for centuries. The building sustained substantial structural changes under Prince Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau (1587 – 1612)

New Residence & Carillon

As if it were unable to decide: the New Residence looks upon the magnificent fountain on Residence Square, the Cathedral and the Old Residence while adding its own special flair to Mozart Square. The carillon attracts the attention of passers-by several times a day. Prince Archbishop Wolf Dietrich’s concept: -The construction of the New Residence in Salzburg took over one hundred years. Four archbishops were responsible for its appearance, although the building was essentially characterized by Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau. The archbishop had the former buildings torn down in 1588 to raise a new building for himself and his guests. But the archbishop decided to keep the Old Residence as his home in 1605

Hellbrunn Palace & Trick Fountains

In 1612, only a few months after ascending the throne, Salzburg’s Prince Archbishop Markus Sittikus von Hohenems commissioned a country residence to be built at the foot of the well-watered Hellbrunn Mountain. A lover of Italian art and culture, Markus Sittikus commissioned the famous Cathedral architect, Santino Solari, to design a “villa suburbana”, a summer residence matching the elegance and spaciousness of the magnificent Italian architecture with which he was so obsessed. Within a relatively short period of time an architectural masterpiece was created just south of the city that remains one of the most magnificent Renaissance buildings north of the Alps: the Lustschloss (“pleasure palace”) of Hellbrunn with its spacious park and its unique Wasserspiele (trick fountains)

Mirabell Palace and Gardens

Prince-Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau had Altenau Palace built in 1606 as a token of his love for Salome Alt. The palace fulfilled its purpose: fifteen children were born of their union, ten of whom survived. After Wolf Dietrich’s death, the palace was renamed “Mirabell” by his successor, Markus Sitticus von Hohenems. Prince-Archbishop Franz Anton von Harrach had Mirabell Palace redesigned by the famous baroque architect, Lukas von Hildebrandt, from 1721 to 1727, integrating the individual buildings into a self-contained complex. The palace was damaged by the great fire that swept through the city on April 30, 1818. A number of frescoes including those by Johann Michael Rottmayr and Gaetano Fanti fell victim to the flames. The grand marble staircase that led into the palace and the marble hall survived unscathed

Schloss Klessheim – Casino Salzburg

Archbishop Johann Ernst Thun purchased the small aristocratic estate just outside the city of Salzburg at the end of the 17th century. He commissioned Fischer von Erlach to build an elegant palace between 1700 and 1709, completely influenced by the north Italian Mannerist style. The palace, originally named “Favorita,” was not completed long after the archbishop’s death in 1709. Archbishop Leopold Anton von Firmian, who also built Leopoldskron Palace, had Klessheim Palace completed in 1732, severely curtailing the original plans. Klessheim Palace has a very grand and inspiring appearance: the entrance with the magnificent Triton Fountain, the loggia, entrance hall and staircase perpetuate some of the baroque splendor of the past. A reclining stag, its antlers studded with gold stars, is found on a pedestal at each entrance ramp, reminiscent of Archbishop Firmian’s coat of arms. The stucco on the inside is the work of Paolo d’Allio and Diego Francesco Carlone, created to plans by Fischer von Erlach

Schloss Leopoldskron

Schloss Leopoldskron is pure inspiration! Situated in a unique lakeside location with magnificent view of the majestic mountains, the palace is only a short walk from the old town of Salzburg. In 1736 the Prince Archbishop of Salzburg, Leopold Anton Freiherr von Firmian, was inspired to build his family residence in this beautiful and unique location. He died shortly after its completion in 1744 and, as an expression of his love for this palace, willed that his heart be buried beneath the chapel of Schloss Leopoldskron. Ownership of the palace changed frequently throughout the 19th century. The most famous owner was King Louis I. of Bavaria, who celebrated the engagement of the future Empress Sissi to Emperor Franz Josef of Austria with the family at Schloss Leopoldskron

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