Transport in Liverpool encompasses a wide range of different methods of travel. As a major British city, Liverpool has significant road and rail networks and also an international airport and port. It also has a significant underground railway network that serves the city and immediate locality. In common with most other major cities within the United Kingdom, Liverpool’s transport infrastructure is centred around its road and rail networks. Public transport services within the city are controlled and run by the Merseyside Passenger Transport Executive (branded as Merseytravel), with the city’s national rail services managed by Network Rail. The road network in and around Liverpool is primarily managed by the relevant local authority in which the roads are located, although, in common with all parts of the United Kingdom outside London, the major trunk roads are the responsibility of the Highways Agency.
Liverpool has direct road links with many other major areas of England. The M62 motorway connects Liverpool with Hull and along the route also provides a link with areas including Manchester, Leeds and Huddersfield, and not far along the M62 from Liverpool is the interchange with the M6 that provides links to more distant areas including Birmingham, Staffordshire, the Lake District and the Scottish border.
The Kingsway and Queensway tunnels give a direct link to the A41 that eventually stretches to London, although using the M62 or M6 and eventually M1 is a far quicker route from Liverpool to London. However, the A41 is a relatively quick and direct link with Cheshire and Shropshire.This in turn provides a quick link to the A55 road that runs along the North Wales coastline. In the early 1960s there were plans to build a “Liverpool Inner Motorway” which would have been similar to the “urban motorways” which were later built around the cities of Manchester and Leeds. The motorway was still a possibility as the 1970s drew to a close, but it was never built.
Long distance coach services arrive at and depart from the Norton Street Coach Station. Local buses serve the whole of the city and its surrounding areas. The two principal termini for local buses are Queen Square Bus Station (located near Lime Street railway station) for services north and east of the city, and Liverpool One Bus Station (located near the Albert Dock) for services to the south and east. Cross-river services to the Wirral use roadside terminus points in Castle Street and Sir Thomas Street.
Official Site – http://www.merseytravel.gov.uk
Liverpool is served by two separate rail networks. The local rail network is managed and run by Merseyrail and provides links throughout Merseyside and beyond, whilst the national mainline network, which is managed by Network Rail, provides Liverpool with connections to major towns and cities across the England.
Liverpool’s local rail network is one of the busiest and most extensive in the country, covering 75 miles of track, with an average of 100,000 passenger journeys per weekday. Services are operated by the Merseyrail franchise and managed by the Merseyside Passenger Transport Executive. The network consists of three lines: the Northern Line, which runs to Southport, Ormskirk, Kirkby and Hunts Cross; the Wirral Line, which runs through the Mersey Railway Tunnel and has branches to New Brighton, West Kirby, Chester and Ellesmere Port; and the City Line, which begins at Lime Street, providing links to St Helens, Wigan, Preston, Warrington and Manchester. It should be noted that local services on the city line are operated by Northern Rail rather than Merseyrail, although the line itself remains part of the Merseyrail network. Within the city centre the majority of the network is underground, with 5 city centre stations and over 6.5 miles of tunnels.
Mainline rail services in Liverpool provide the city with links across England and are centred on Lime Street station in the city centre. The station, which is owned by Network Rail, is served by five train operating companies in addition to services provided by Merseyrail on the local network. The primary operator for mainline services out of Liverpool is Northern Rail, who provide local links to other towns and cities in the North West including Blackpool, Manchester, Preston, Warrington and Wigan. Many of these services also call at other stations within the city including Broad Green, Edge Hill, Hunts Cross, Huyton, Liverpool South Parkway and Wavertree Technology Park. The city is linked to London via the West Coast Mainline, with services to London Euston run by Virgin Trains. One train per hour leaves Lime Street station destined for the capital, with the service increasing to two trains per hour during peak times. Other rail operators that provide services from Liverpool include London Midland, First TransPennine Express and East Midlands Trains, who provide links to other major towns and cities in the UK, including but not limited to Birmingham, Leeds,Norwich, Nottingham, Sheffield and York.
Liverpool John Lennon Airport
Liverpool John Lennon Airport (IATA: LPL, ICAO: EGGP) is an international airport serving the city of Liverpool and the North West of England. Formerly known as Speke Airport, RAF Speke, and Liverpool Airport the airport is located within the City of Liverpool adjacent to the estuary of the River Mersey some 6.5 NM (12.0 km; 7.5 mi) southeast of the centre of Liverpool, the airport is named after assassinated Liverpudlian musician and peace activist John Lennon. Alongside domesticservices, there are also regular scheduled flights to dozens of locations across Europe, the Near East and North Africa as well as formerly North America. Between 1997 and 2007 it was one of Europe’s fastest growing airports, having increased its annual passenger numbers from 689,468 in 1997 to 5.47 million in 2007. Just over 5 million passengers passed through the airport in 2010, making it the tenth busiest airport in the United Kingdom. Liverpool Airport has a CAA Public Use Aerodrome Licence (Number P735) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers and for flying instruction.
Official Website – https://www.liverpoolairport.com/
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