The Architecture of Liverpool is rooted in the city’s development and history, as a major port city within the United Kingdom.It encompasses a wide range of architectural styles and has predominantly developed over the past 200 years, although several buildings date back as far at the 13th century. Liverpool’s role within the British Empire means that many of the finest buildings in the city were built as headquarters for shipping firms and insurance companies, whilst the great wealth this afforded the city allowed the development of grand civic buildings, designed to allow the local administrators to ‘run the city with pride’.
There are over 2,500 listed buildings in Liverpool (of which 27 are Grade I listed and 85 are Grade II* listed) and only Bristol and the UK capital London, has more. The city also has a greater number of public sculptures than any other location in the United Kingdom aside from Westminster and more Georgian houses than the city of Bath. This richness of architecture has subsequently seen Liverpool described by English Heritage as England’s finest Victorian city.
The docks are central to Liverpool’s history, with the best-known being Albert Dock: the first enclosed, non-combustible dock warehouse system in the world and is built in cast iron, brick and stone. Part of the old dock complex is now the home to the Merseyside Maritime Museum , the International Slavery Museum and the Tate Liverpool. Other relics of the dock system include the Stanley Dock Tobacco Warehouse, which at the time of its construction in 1901, was the world’s largest building in terms of area, and is still the world’s largest brick-work building.
The area around William Brown Street has been labeled the city’s ‘Cultural Quarter’, owing to the presence of the William Brown Library, Walker Art Gallery and World Museum Liverpool, just three of Liverpool’s neo-classical buildings. Nearby is St George’s Hall, perhaps the most impressive of these neo-classical buildings.
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