Great Britain is made up of England, Scotland and Wales – three countries on one island and several small islands. The United Kingdom (UK) combines Northern Ireland on the island of Ireland with England, Scotland and Wales.
The capital of the UK is London.
There are 69 official cities in the UK – 51 in England, six in Wales, seven in Scotland and five in Northern Ireland. In the UK a city is created by a charter granted by the monarch establishing a municipality as a city – a system first established in the middle ages. UK cities usually have a cathedral.
The longest river in the UK is the Severn (354km) which rises in Wales and flows through England to its estuary in the Bristol Channel.
The highest peak is Ben Nevis in Scotland (1,345 metres).
Poole on the south coast of England is the UK’s largest natural harbour and second largest in the world (Sydney in Australia is the largest).
The Bristol channel on the west coast of England has the UK’s longest tidal reach, 14.5 metres (48ft) and second longest in the world to Canada’s Bay of Fundy. The river Severn has the third highest tidal range in the world, after the Bay of Fundy and Ungava Bay in the Hudson straits. People travel from all over to surf the Severn’s river Bore: a tidal wave that travels along the river.
There are more than 2,500 museums in the UK and many of them are completely free to visit.
Carrick-a-Redemeans the rock in the road. The road is the sea route for Atlantic salmon on their westward journey past Carrick Island. For over 350 years, fishermen have strung a rope bridge 30 meters above the sea to allow them to access the best places to catch the migrating salmon.
The Old Bushmills Distilleryis Ireland’s oldest licensed whiskey distillery having received its licence to distill in 1608. In 1608 Sir Thomas Phillips was granted a licence to distill whiskey by James 1 of England,
Situated in the centre of Northern Ireland, Lough Neagh is the largest lake in the British Isles.The Special Protection Area includes three eutrophic water bodies, Lough Neagh and two related loughs, Lough Beg and Portmore Lough, together with surrounding swamp.
The Giant’s Causeway is known to the Irish as the 8th wonder of the world. Much of the Giant’s Causeway and Causeway Coast World Heritage Site is today owned and managed by the National Trust and it is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Northern Ireland.
Ballycopeland Windmill is a functioning windmill located one mile west of Millisle, County Down, Northern Ireland. It is managed by the Northern Ireland Environment Agency and is open to the public. The plastered and white-washed tapering tower is a landmark in that area and the last remaining windmill of more than hundred mills in County Down
The Marble Arch Caves Global Geopark is located in the rugged mountainous uplands and the gentle rolling lowlands of counties Fermanagh and Cavan. Taking in the world-famous Marble Arch Caves, the Geopark boasts some of the finest natural landscapes in Ireland and offers a window into the area’s 650 million year past.
The Mourne Mountains a granite mountain range located in County Down in the south-east of Northern Ireland, are among the most famous of the mountains in the country. The surrounding area is an area of outstanding natural beauty and is proposed as the first national park in Northern Ireland
Rathlin Island is an ‘L’shaped island that is just six miles long and one mile wide. It is the only populated island off Ireland and is home to around 100 people. A ferry travels the 6 miles over the ‘Sea of Moyle’ to take visitors across.
Photo : Rathlin_Island_Northern_Ireland_Author – Brian O’Neill.
The Ulster American Folk Park brings to life the human drama behind three centuries of Irish emigration, telling the remarkable story of the vast human tide that crossed the Atlantic for the New World of North America.
Photo : Entertainment_at_Ulster_American_Folk-park_-_geograph.org.uk_-_Attribution – Kenneth Allen.
Belfast is the capital of and largest city in Northern Ireland, as well as the second largest city on the island of Ireland. It is the seat of devolved government and legislative Northern Ireland Assembly. The city forms part of the largest urban area in Northern Ireland, and the main settlement in the province of Ulster. The city of Belfast has a population of 267,500 and lies at the heart of the Belfast urban area, which has a population of 483,418. The Larger Urban Zone, as defined by the European Union, has a total population 641,638. Belfast was granted city status in 1888.
The properties belonging to the National Trust in England include stately homes, Historic houses, Castles, Abbeys, Farms and Museums. Other National Trust sites include coastal areas, forests, rivers and countryside all of which are protected by the National Trust and preserved for future generations. With more than 500 sites there is always a great day out for all ages to enjoy.
As Christmas time comes close there are Christmas Markets in many of the cities, towns and villages around the U.K. Evenings may be cold and dark but these markets bring a little bit of light and warmth with their colourful wooden chalets filled with festive gifts and tasty food and drink.
Here you will find a list of some of the “Christmas Markets” and their dates and opening times.
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