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Herstmonceux Castle, East Sussex, England

Sir Roger Fiennes was granted a licence to build Herstmonceux in 1441. The castle was one of the earliest to be built of brick and was constructed in a lake so that the water acted as a large moat. The castle was well appointed, designed more for comfort than for defence. Unfortunately the castle was not well maintained by some of its later owners. By the end of the 18th century much of it had been demolished to provide building materials for Herstmonceux Place, further up the hill.

During the first half of the 20th century the ruins were transformed into an impressive home and the external appearance of the castle was restored. In 1946 the castle became the home of the Royal Greenwich Observatory. They remained for the next forty years before moving to a new home, and the old Equatorial Telescope Buildings are now open to the public as a ‘hands on’ science centre.

The grounds and gardens are open daily throughout the summer but the castle is now a working study centre and is not open to the public; however, guided tours are conducted Sunday to Friday, subject to availability. Please phone for confirmation of tour times.

Hailsham, East Sussex BN27 1RN

Official Website : www.herstmonceux-castle.com

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Castles

Castles were first built in England during the Norman Conquest in the 11th century as fortifications. There are many hundreds of castles throughout England some in good repair whilst others have all but completely disappeared other than a few stones to mark the spot.

Castles

Lakes

England has many lakes spread out over the whole of the country but the most famous must be the Lake District which draws around 16 million visitors each year to admire the beauty of the countryside around the lakesides. Lake Windermere is England’s largest lake.

Lakes

National Parks

The National Parks of England are quite diverse but all have in common one thing and that is their beauty. From the windswept reaches of Dartmoor and Exmoor to the mountains and lakes of the Lake District or the ancient, peaceful tranquility of the New Forest all are worthy of a visit.

National Parks

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