Great Britain is made up of England, Scotland and Wales – three countries on one island and several small islands. The United Kingdom (UK) combines Northern Ireland on the island of Ireland with England, Scotland and Wales.

The capital of the UK is London.

There are 69 official cities in the UK – 51 in England, six in Wales, seven in Scotland and five in Northern Ireland. In the UK a city is created by a charter granted by the monarch establishing a municipality as a city – a system first established in the middle ages. UK cities usually have a cathedral.

The longest river in the UK is the Severn (354km) which rises in Wales and flows through England to its estuary in the Bristol Channel.

The highest peak is Ben Nevis in Scotland (1,345 metres).

Poole on the south coast of England is the UK’s largest natural harbour and second largest in the world (Sydney in Australia is the largest).

The Bristol channel on the west coast of England has the UK’s longest tidal reach, 14.5 metres (48ft) and second longest in the world to Canada’s Bay of Fundy. The river Severn has the third highest tidal range in the world, after the Bay of Fundy and Ungava Bay in the Hudson straits. People travel from all over to surf the Severn’s river Bore: a tidal wave that travels along the river.

There are more than 2,500 museums in the UK and many of them are completely free to visit.

Regions of England

Attractions in the Northwest of England. The region of the North-west of England stretches from the North of Wales right up to the border of Scotland and attractions in the North-west of England are plentiful, one of the best-known areas of outstanding beauty stands in this region and is the Lake District with its many lakes, mountains and amazing scenery.

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Attractions in the Northeast of England. Many of the Attractions in the North East of England date back nearly 2,000 years such as Hadrian’s wall and some of the castles and forts along its length others, although still large, are much more modern such as the Angel of the North which has presided over the A1 at Gateshead since 1998.

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Attractions in Yorkshire and Humber England. The region of Yorkshire and Humber is filled with attractions across its wild, majestic beauty. The vast Yorkshire Moors are stunningly beautiful at all seasons of the year and the North York Moors are Jurassic in age. The famous Brontë family are remembered at the Brontë Parsonage Museum in Haworth, Yorkshire

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Attractions in the East Midlands England. Attractions in the East Midlands are plentiful from acres of lush farmlands and the beautiful Peak District which is the second most popular national park in the world and draws visitors to enjoy walking amidst the amazing scenery, to its Cities and Towns

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Attractions in the West Midlands England. The Attractions in the West Midlands vary greatly from its wonderful rural landscapes and farmlands to the great industrial heritage contained within its cities, the largest being Birmingham which is England’s second biggest city. The Industrial Revolution has left the West Midlands with a wealth of interesting attractions for visitors to the region

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Attractions in East Anglia England. The region of East Anglia offers a wealth of attractions from it’s famous and beautiful broads which offer opportunities to sample a peaceful life on the water and sightings of the wild-life that live there, the marshy fenlands and cathedral towns such as Cambridge and Peterborough

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Attractions in the South-East of England. The South-east of England is often the first place that visitors from the continent will visit as the Port of Dover, one of the World’s busiest ports, is where many people first catch sight of the world-famous White Cliffs of Dover.

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Attractions in the South-West of England. The South-west of England is one of the most popular destinations for visitors from both the UK and abroad with its long stretches of beaches in Cornwall, Devon and Dorset. The region also offers National Parks, Castles, Heritage sites and wonderful scenery.

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Attractions in the London area of England. London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London; Kew Gardens; the site comprising the Palace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey and St Margaret’s Church; and the historic settlement of Greenwich. Other famous landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, 30 St Mary Axe (“The Gherkin”), St Paul’s Cathedral, Tower Bridge and Trafalgar Square.

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Images of England

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Castles in the U.K.

Castles were first built in England during the Norman Conquest in the 11th century as fortifications. There are many hundreds of castles throughout England some in good repair whilst others have all but completely disappeared other than a few stones to mark the spot.

Castles in the U.K.

Lakes

England has many lakes spread out over the whole of the country but the most famous must be the Lake District which draws around 16 million visitors each year to admire the beauty of the countryside around the lakesides. Lake Windermere is England’s largest lake.

Lakes, Lochs, Loughs

National Parks

The National Parks of England are quite diverse but all have in common one thing and that is their beauty. From the windswept reaches of Dartmoor and Exmoor to the mountains and lakes of the Lake District or the ancient, peaceful tranquility of the New Forest all are worthy of a visit.

National Parks

National Trust Sites

The properties belonging to the National Trust in England include stately homes, Historic houses, Castles, Abbeys, Farms and Museums. Other National Trust sites include coastal areas, forests, rivers and countryside all of which are protected by the National Trust and preserved for future generations. With more than 500 sites there is always a great day out for all ages to enjoy.

National Trust Sites

History in England

Heritage Sites

The history that lies within the ancient walls of some of England’s heritage properties will enthrall young and old alike, from the Neolithic mounds, Roman ruins to the black and white Tudor mansions and haunted houses there are hundreds of attractions to choose from.

Heritage Sites

UNESCO Sites

UNESCO World Heritage sites in England are places of outstanding value to the World. In England these include cities such as Bath, for its Roman Spas, Durham and its Cathedral, Ironbridge Gorge, the Royal Botanical Gardens at Kew and Liverpool with its docks.

UNESCO Sites

Christmas Time in the U.K

As Christmas time comes close there are Christmas Markets in many of the cities, towns and villages around the U.K. Evenings may be cold and dark but these markets bring a little bit of light and warmth with their colourful wooden chalets filled with festive gifts and tasty food and drink.

Here you will find a list of some of the “Christmas Markets” and their dates and opening times.

Christmas in U.K.

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