The Prince of Wales Fort is a historic fort on Hudson Bay across the Churchill River from Churchill, Manitoba, Canada. The European history of this area starts with the discovery of Hudson Bay in 1610. The area was recognized as important in the fur trade and of potential importance for other discoveries. The fort is built in a European “star” shape.
When the Hudson Bay Railway to Churchill was completed in 1929, the labour and equipment used for the railroad construction was then used to restore the fort in the 1930s. Extensive and at times unfortunate restoration work was also carried out in the 1950s. There is no proper historical or archaeological study of the fort and its remains in spite of its importance to western Canadian history.
None of the original structures are intact with roofs long deteroriated:
- Rough Stone Dwelling House
- Governor’s Quarters
- Men’s Quarters and Barracks
- Stonemason’s Workshop
- Cooper and Carpenter Workshops
- Tailor’s Room
- Blacksmith Shop
The courtyard is intact and all other exposed areas covered by grass.
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