Located on the Stavanger peninsula in Southwest Norway, Stavanger counts its official founding year as 1125, the year the Stavanger cathedral was completed. Stavanger’s core is to a large degree 17 th and 18 th century wooden houses that are considered part of the city’s cultural heritage and these are hence protected. This has caused the town centre and inner city to retain a small-town character, and even after the city’s rapid growth in the 1970’s onwards, the urbanization of the city centre has been limited and a large share of the population still lives in detached houses. The city’s rapid population growth in the late 1900’s was primarily a result of Norway’s booming offshore oil industry. Today the oil industry is a key industry in the Stavanger region and the city is widely referred to as the Oil Capital of Norway.
The largest company in the Nordic region, Norwegian energy company Statoil is headquartered in Stavanger. Multiple educational institutions for higher education are located in Stavanger. The largest of these is the University of Stavanger, which offers doctorates in Petroleum Technology and Offshore Technology among others
Stavanger is served by international airport Stavanger Airport, Sola, which offers flights to cities in most major European states, as well as a limited number of intercontinental charter flights. The airport was named most punctual European regional airport by flightstats.com in 2010.
The city is located on a peninsula on the southwest coast of Norway. The climate is maritime mild temperate (marine west coast – cfb) and rather windy, with all monthly temperature averages above freezing, and precipitation 1180 mm/year. Summers are pleasant and lowland areas in and around Stavanger have the longest growing season in Norway.