Eindhoven is the fifth largest city in the Netherlands and has a bustling city centre with a large number of shops, bars and restaurants. Eindhoven also offers a lively nightlife along with a packed calendar of events throughout the year.
Eindhoven is situated in the region of North-Brabant in the south of the Netherlands and is one of the country’s oldest cities with a rich historical background. The written history of Eindhoven started in 1232, when Duke Hendrik I of Brabant granted city rights to Endehoven, then a small town right on the confluence of the Dommel and Gender streams.
The Historisch Openluchtmuseum Eindhoven (Historic Open air museum of Eindhoven) is an archaeological open air museum, focusing on the Iron Age and Middle Ages of the province of Noord-Brabant. The museum is situated in the Genneper Parken park area in the southern side of the city. It focuses on the daily lives and routines of people in the time periods mentioned, through demonstrations and recreations of buildings, practices and routines. For example, there are demonstrations of cooking on open fire, of games played in the Middle Ages and groups of school children are allowed to spend the night in the stables.
Van Abbemuseum is a museum of modern and contemporary art located in central Eindhoven, Netherlands, on the east bank of the Dommel river. Established in 1936, the Abbe Museum is named after its founder, Abbe Henri. Abbe was a lover of modern art and wanted to enjoy it there from Eindhoven. As of 2010 the collection of the museum houses more than 2700 works of art, of which about 1000 are on paper, are 700 paintings, and 1000 are sculptures, installations and videowork.
The Effenaar is a pop music venue. It was founded in 1971 and has grown into one of the larger pop venues in the country. The current Effenaar consists of two music halls. The large hall has an audience capacity of 1200, is intended for use by larger bands and acts and is considerably larger than the hall of the original Effenaar. The small hall has a capacity of 350 (which is smaller than the old Effenaar) and is used for smaller and/or regional bands. The old Effenaar has hosted many large (national and international) acts throughout its existence, including The Ramones, U2, The Cure, Joy Division, Sex Pistols, Red Hot Chili Peppers, R.E.M. and Queens of the Stone Age.
The public transport of Eindhoven consists of almost 25 city bus lines, which also serve neighbouring cities like Veldhoven, Geldrop and Nuenen. Two of these buslines (401 and 402) are high quality public transport and the buses on these lines are so-called Phileas vehicles, a combination of tram and bus. The Phileas does not use the magnetic guidance anymore for some years due to the regional urban transport authority (SRE). Apart from the city lines there are some 30 regional and rush-hour lines.
Eindhoven Airport is a regional airport located 4 NM (7.4 km; 4.6 mi) west of Eindhoven, the Netherlands. In terms of the number of served passengers it is the second largest airport in the Netherlands, with 2.14 million passengers in 2010 (well behind Schiphol, which serves more than 46 million passengers). The airport is used for both civilian and military traffic. From World War II up until 1998, Eindhoven Airport was called Welschap.