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Luxembourg City

The city of Luxembourg – also known as Luxembourg City – is a commune with city status and the capital of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. It is located at the confluence of the Alzette and Pétrusse Rivers in Southern Luxembourg. The city contains the historic Luxembourg Castle, established by the Franks in the Early Middle Ages, around which a settlement developed.

Capital of a small country, Luxembourg City is a lively and bustling place. A real cultural platform, it abounds in venues for artistic expression, such as museums, theatres and concert halls. The municipality is home to more than 170 different nationalities that have chosen to live in a city at the heart of action. The cultural program that makes up Luxembourg reflects its inhabitants: multilingual, multicultural, creative and eclectic.


Nowhere else in Europe you will find such a discrete and dynamic mixture of ancient fortresses and contemporary architecture. Moreover, since 1994, the Old City of Luxembourg has been part of the UNESCO World Heritage. High-tech buildings run alongside historic monuments reflecting a rich tapestry of urban experience. In short: Luxembourg is a modern city with deep roots.


One third of the surface of the city of Luxembourg is covered with beautiful green spaces. The abundance of parks and gardens passing through the capital of Luxembourg makes a green belt where life is good. Discover Luxembourg’s unique sights, culture and history, during a tour of the city by tourist bus or on foot.


Renowned for its banking centre, the city of Luxembourg is also the headquarter of many European institutions. But furthermore, Luxembourg is an excellent platform for dynamic business activity that is heterogeneous but not limited to financial activities. Discover Luxembourg through the ages by crossing its architectural landscape from the historical city centre to its modern business areas.

Art & Culture

1 Bock casemates (Montée de Clausen), fortifications from the 18th century. An extraordinary network of underground galleries, the famous casemates, which were carved from the city’s rocks constitute the city’s main attraction.

2 Remains of Luxembourg Castle on the Bock promontory. Available throughout the year.

3 The Grand-Duke’s City residence (rue du Marché-aux-Herbes), the grand ducal palace, has an exceptionally beautiful facade in Flemish Rennaissance style (16th century), and a majestic interior and ceremonial rooms open to the public during the summer only.

4 In the Cathedral of Our-Lady, 17th century rood screen contrasts with the 20th century windows. The statue of the Consolatrice des Affligés (Consoler of the Afflicted, 16th century), patron saint of Luxembourg, is the object of particular veneration during the Octave, a pilgrimage to honour Our Lady of Luxembourg. Crypt of the counts and bishops.

5 National Museum of History and Art. Showcase from prehistoric times to the decorative arts of the 20th century, including an extensive collection of fine arts. The museum hosts one of the most beautiful Roman mosaics north of the Alps.

6 The National Museum of Natural History “natur musée” offers a kaleidoscope of natural sciences and a welcome for the entire family, this museum places man at the heart of its collections. The various departments are dedicated to evolution, ecology and geology.

7 Museum of Modern Art Grand-Duc Jean MUDAM. The location of this museum is worth being noticed. The Sino-American architect Ieoh Ming Pei converted the former Thüngen fortress (1732) into a strategic place of artistic creation. From Thursday to Monday from 11 a.m. to 8 p.m., Wednesday from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. Closed on Tuesday.

8 The history of the building ”Museum Dräi Eechelen – Forteresse, Histoire, Identités” constitutes an important element of the exhibition. With its impressive underground galleries, it corresponds to a large extent to the original condition of the last phase of its expansion in 1836/37. Each casemate illustrates a different era of the fortress (from the Middle Ages with the capture of the city by the Burgundians in 1443 to the construction of the Adolf Bridge in 1903). From 10 a.m. to 6 p.m., on Wednesday from 10 a.m. to 8 p.m. Closed on Tuesday.

9 The Luxembourg City History Museum, set in the heart of the old town, provides an original illustration of the capital’s history dating back to over a thousand years. Visitors will discover more than a thousand items displayed over six storeys, further enhanced by the possibilities of an interactive multimedia system. From Tuesday to Sunday from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m., on Thursday until 8 p.m. (free admission from 6 to 8 p.m.).

10 The Villa Vauban – Luxembourg City Art Museum harmoniously combines Dutch painting of the golden age (17th century) and French historical and landscape art from the 19th century, as well as paintings, sculptures and engravings by European artists from the 17th to the 19th century. The entire exhibition is made up of three exemplary middle-class collections from the 19th century. From 10 a.m. to 6 p.m., on Friday until 9 p.m. (free admission from 6 to 9 p.m.).

11 Casino Luxembourg – Forum of Contemporary Art. With its contemporary art exhibitions, the Casino Luxembourg – Forum d’art contemporain gives a comprehensive insight into the variety of current art movements mostly featuring young artists. Wide-ranging program of guided and theme tours, lectures and concerts of contemporary music. From 11 a.m. to 7 p.m., on Thursday from 11 a.m. to 8 p.m., on Saturday, Sunday and holiday from 11 a.m. to 6 p.m.

12 Tram and Bus Museum. On Thursday from 1.30 to 5.30 p.m., on Saturday, Sunday and holiday from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. Visits by appointment.

13 Bank Museum. From Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 5.30 p.m.1 Place de Metz

14 Memorial of Deportation. Guided visit on request. Near the old station Hollerich.

15 American Military Cemetery. Resting place of 5 076 American soldiers who fell during the Second World War, including General George S. Patton. There is also a memorial to 371 Americans whose remains were never recovered or identified.

The Weekly Markets in Luxembourg-City

They take place from 7 a.m. until 1.30 p.m. • Wednesday & Saturday at Place Guillaume and Place de Paris • Wednesday in Bonnevoie in front of the church at Place Léon XIII Every week, sellers offer fresh local products, fruit and vegetables, dairy products, cheese, all kinds of bread, olives, fish, all other kinds of meats,

The easiest way to get around Luxembourg is by foot, bike and bus. Buses are regular and all pass through the central bus station Hamilius, whilst exploring on foot is certainly the most enjoyable way to take in the city’s sights. A self-service bike scheme is also in operation and the stations can be found in various locations around the city centre. For more information check the Ville de Luxembourg (VDL) website

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