UNESCO Sights in Italy

A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a place (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that is listed by the UNESCO as of special cultural or physical significance. The list is maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 states parties which are elected by their General Assembly.

The program catalogues, names, and conserves sites of outstanding cultural or natural importance to the common heritage of humanity. Under certain conditions, listed sites can obtain funds from the World Heritage Fund. The programme was founded with the Convention Concerning the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage, which was adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO on November 16, 1972. Since then, 186 states party have ratified the convention. As of 2011, 936 sites are listed: 725 cultural, 183 natural, and 28 mixed properties, in 153 States Party. Italy is home to the greatest number of World Heritage Sites to date with 47 sites inscribed on the list. UNESCO references each World Heritage Site with an identification number; but new inscriptions often include previous sites now listed as part of larger descriptions. As a result, the identification numbers exceed 1200 even though there are fewer on the list. While each World Heritage Site remains part of the legal territory of the state wherein the site is located, UNESCO considers it in the interest of the international community to preserve each site.

Below is the list of UNESCO sites in Italy

Cultural (48)

18th-Century Royal Palace at Caserta with the Park, the Aqueduct of Vanvitelli, and the San Leucio Complex (1997)
Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy (2003)
Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalú and Monreale (2015)
Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia (1998)
Archaeological Area of Agrigento (1997)
Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata (1997)
Assisi, the Basilica of San Francesco and Other Franciscan Sites (2000)
Botanical Garden (Orto Botanico), Padua (1997)
Castel del Monte (1996)
Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena (1997)
Church and Dominican Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie with “The Last Supper” by Leonardo da Vinci (1980)
Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park with the Archeological Sites of Paestum and Velia, and the Certosa di Padula (1998)
City of Verona (2000)
City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto (1994,1996)
Costiera Amalfitana (1997)
Crespi d’Adda (1995)
Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna (1996)
Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia (2004)
Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta (1995,1999)
Genoa: Le Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei Rolli (2006)
Historic Centre of Florence (1982)

Historic Centre of Naples (1995)
Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura (1980,1990)
Historic Centre of San Gimignano (1990)
Historic Centre of Siena (1995)
Historic Centre of the City of Pienza (1996)
Historic Centre of Urbino (1998)
Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto (South-Eastern Sicily) (2002)
Longobards in Italy. Places of the Power (568-774 A.D.) (2011)
Mantua and Sabbioneta (2008)
Medici Villas and Gardens in Tuscany (2013)
Piazza del Duomo, Pisa (1987)
Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto) (1997)
Prehistoric Pile Dwellings around the Alps (2011)
Residences of the Royal House of Savoy (1997)
Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes (2008)
Rock Drawings in Valcamonica (1979)
Su Nuraxi di Barumini (1997)
Syracuse and the Rocky Necropolis of Pantalica (2005)
The Trulli of Alberobello (1996)
The Sassi and the Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera (1993)
Val d’Orcia (2004)
Venetian Works of Defence between the 16th and 17th Centuries: Stato da Terra – Western Stato da Mar (2017)
Venice and its Lagoon (1987)
Villa Adriana (Tivoli) (1999)
Villa d’Este, Tivoli (2001)
Villa Romana del Casale (1997)
Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe-Roero and Monferrato (2014)

Natural (5)

Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe (2007,2011,2017)
Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands) (2000)
Monte San Giorgio (2003,2010)
Mount Etna (2013)
The Dolomites (2009)

Official UNESCO Website – whc.unesco.org/en/statesparties/it

Below you will find information on some of our favourites

Pompeii was an ancient town located near to the modern town of Naples. Pompeii was a Roman colony with an estimated population of around 11,000 people. It had a complex water system, an amphitheatre, a gymnasium, and a port. Pompeii was destroyed by a huge volcanic eruption in 79 AD from Mount Vesuvius which stood above the town. Most of the town of Pompeii along with Herculaneum and the townsfolk were buried under tons of volcanic ash which rained down on them as they tried to flee.

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Stretching along a ridge to the south of the city are a string of five Greek temples, a sight worthy of comparison to the Acropolis itself in Athens. The temples are usually divided into two zones: the Eastern Zone and Western Zone each side of the main entrance and the road from the city centre. It can get punishingly hot in summer and there is little shade other than some olive trees along the ridge itself.

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The picturesque, world-famous Amalfi Coast is situated in Italy’s southwestern region of Campania and stretches for 30 miles along the southern side of the Sorrento Peninsula from the Gulf of Naples in the north down to Salerno in the south. The Amalfi coastline draws visitors with its small bays and beaches, terraced vineyards, lemon and olive groves, colourful villages and glitzy resorts all overlooking the Tyrrhenian Sea with the craggy cliffs of the Lattari Mountains rising sharply upwards towards the clear blue sky. It is no wonder that the Amalfi Coast has been included in UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites.

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Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls Rome

‘Basilica Papale di San Paolo fuori le Mura’ – is one of the four Papal Basilicas of Rome and is the second largest after St.Peter’s. The Basilica is said to stand over the burial place of St.Paul whose followers are said to have erected a memorial named a ‘celle memoriae’ and this memorail was later expended upon.

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Villa d’Este.

The Villa d’Este is a villa situated at Tivoli, near Rome, Italy. Listed as a UNESCO world heritage site, it is a fine example of Renaissance architecture and the Italian Renaissance garden.

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Mount Etna is the largest active volcano in Europe and still plagues the island with black ash with its ever current eruptions. It currently stands 3,329 metres (10,922 ft) high, though this varies with summit eruptions;

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