Alberobello is known as the Capital of the Trulli. The limestone trullo is a fascinating architectural feature of this area of Puglia. A trullo is a simple dry-stone-walled building with a domed roof. Alberobello has special status internationally – designated a UNESCO world heritage site in 1996 – because its collection of some 1,500 trulli in an urban environment is unique.
The Trulli were originally constructed as temporary dwellings for workers which could be easily taken down, this was so that the local Count was able to pay lower taxes as the area was designated ‘uninhabitaed’. Some of the trulli are now used for stores, restaurants, and lodging, but the Alberobello trulli are still serving as houses for the local population.
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