Monterozzi necropolis

The Monterozzi necropolis is an Etruscan necropolis on a hill east of Tarquinia in Lazio, Italy. The necropolis has about 6,000 graves, the oldest of which dates to the 7th century BC. About 200 of the gravestones are decorated with frescos. Monterozzi was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2004, notable as the depiction of daily life in the frescoed tombs, many of which are replicas of Etruscan houses, is a unique testimony to this vanished culture.

The burial ground dates from the Iron Age, or Villanovan period (9th century BC), up to Roman times. From the Villanovan period simple round tombs carved from rock for cremation burials can be seen at the site.

The tumuli usually covered subterranean chambers carved into the rock, containing sarcophagi and personal possessions of the deceased, and many of which have wall paintings.

Among the most notable painted tombs famous for the artistic quality of their frescoes are:

  • the Tomb of the Leopards has some of the best preserved frescoes
    the Tomb of the Augurs
    the Tomb of Hunting and Fishing
    the Tomb of the Triclinium
    the Tomb of the Blue Demons
    the Tomb of the Bulls, the earliest tomb decorated with complex frescoes dated to either 540–530 BC or 530–520 BC. It is one of the rare Etruscan tombs which have erotic frescoes
    the Tomb of the Whipping. It is also one of the rare Etruscan tombs which have erotic frescoes.
    the Tomb of Orcus is notable for having the only known pictorial depiction of the Etruscan daemon Tuchulcha
    the Tomb of the Bigas

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