Turin was built by Emperor Augustus two thousand years ago as a camp for the troops which were sent to protect the Roman state’s northern borders and with its classic square layout it remained unchanged for centuries.World War II left the city desperately struggling against hunger, poverty, unemployment and the terrible effects of the bombings. Fiat brought about the change that Turin needed and from the fifties Turin’s engineering industry went from strength to strength. Today Turin is an important business and cultural centre.
Today the Piedmontese capital city of Turin, which is surrounded by the imposing Alpine peaks, presents itself as a city of charm with a rich culture and history and its numerous palaces, art galleries, opera houses, museums, churches theatres and parks and gardens. The museums hold arms, jewels, tapestries and furnishings and the Biblioteca Reale contains one of the world’s most famous paintings – a self portrait of Leonardo da Vinci. The Collegio dei Nobili is the seat of the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities which houses the largest collection of finds outside of the National Museum of Egypt in Cairo. Turin’s monuments draw visitors from all over the globe and make it one of the world’s most favoured tourist destinations.
The Cathedral of Turin is dedicated to Saint John the Baptist and annexed to the cathedral is the chapel of the Holy Shroud which houses one of Turin’s most famous treasures – The Shroud of Turin.
Turin is also known as the city of film and cinemas and boasts the highest number of movie theaters per capita.
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