Santi Giovanni e Paolo is situated on the Celian Hill in Rome and is a basilica church dedicated to two Roman martyrs John and Paul, who were executed in 362 under Emperor Julian. The houses of these two martyrs are below the church and can been seen today. The bodies were buried below their houses, which was against Roman law which decreed that all burials must be outside of city walls, due to disease. The original church was built in 398 by Senator Pammachius, and is recorded, under the title ‘Titulus Pammachii’, by the synod held by Pope Symmachus in 499. Over the years there have been changes made due to being sacked by Alaric I in 410, an Earthquake in 442 and sacking again by the Normans in 1084. It was restored with the addition of a monastery and a bell tower.
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