The Seven Hills of Rome

Aventine Hill – Caelian Hill -Capitoline Hill – Esquiline Hill – Palatine Hill – Quirinal Hill – Viminal Hill

The seven hills of Rome once contained walled cities on each hill. There is also evidence that the people of were warring with each other and this could be the reason that Romulus and Remus were chosen as leaders. Tradition has it that the original city of Rome was founded by Romulus on the Palatine Hill. Today it is difficult to discern where the hills are as you walk around Rome, especially as the city has undergone vast changes and much of the Hills, which are originally little more than volcanic ridges, have been flattened completely. The Palatine Hill contains the ruins of generations of emperors, the Hippodrome and the house of Augustus. The Capitoline Hill, incredibly important with its temples and Goverment buildings is where you will find the Vittoriano and the wonderful views towards the Colosseum over the ruins of ancient Rome. The Esquiline Hill is home to the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore. Aventine Hill where Remus set up camp, is now a residential district. The Quirinal Hill home to the Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Antica. The Caelian Hill houses the Basilica of St John Lateran and is a little quieter than some of the more touristy parts of Rome. The Viminal Hill home to the Terme Museum and the Baths of Diocletian.

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