Palermo Sicily Italy

Palermo Introduction

Palermo was first of all a Greek and Roman city which then became a capital of the Arab world and was later conquered by the Normans. All this history has left its mark on the city in the form of the buildings and monuments of Palermo as well as in the city streets, its gardens and theatres.

Palermo is the capital city of the Italian region of Sicily and of the province of Palermo and is a city steeped in history, culture, art and music. It is famous for its cuisine and tourists are attracted to its restaurants, which excel in their seafoods, as much as for visiting the many Romanesque, Gothic and Baroque churches, palaces and buildings.

Palermo is widely known for its colourful fruit, vegetable and fish market known as the Vucciria.

Palermo attracts tourists for its sunny climate, and is one of Europe’s warmest cities, and therefore draws visitors to the beautiful beaches in the area such as Mondello Beach with crystal-clear waters.

The patron Saint of Palermo is Saint Rosalia, who has her saint’s day on July 14th and is the most important religious event of the year.

Some of the sites to visit in Palermo

The Cathedral of Palermo is an architectural complex in Palermo (Sicily, Italy). It is characterized by the presence of different styles, due to a long history of additions, alterations and restorations, the last of which occurred in the 18th century.

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The Palazzo dei Normanni or Royal Palace of Palermo is a palace in Palermo, Italy. It was the seat of the Kings of Sicily. It was started in the 9th century by the Emir of Palermo and extended in the 12th century by Roger II and other Norman kings.

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The Church of Santa Maria dell’Ammiraglio or San Nicolò dei Greci, commonly called the Martorana, overlooking the renowned Piazza Bellini in Palermo, Sicily, southern Italy. Co-Cathedral of Eparchy of Eastern Rite, is part of the Italo-Albanian Catholic Church, Diocese Byzantine-Greek Rite of Piana degli Albanesi.

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The Zisa is a castle in the western part of Palermo, Sicily.The construction was begun in the 12th century by Arabian craftsmen for king William I of Sicily, and completed by his son William II. The edifice had been conceived as summer residence for the Norman kings

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The Teatro Massimo Vittorio Emanuele is an opera house and opera company located on the Piazza Verdi in Palermo, Sicily. It was dedicated to King Victor Emanuel II. It is the biggest in Italy, and one of the largest of Europe

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Quattro Canti, officially known as Piazza Vigliena, is a Baroque square in Palermo, Sicily, southern Italy.It was laid out on the orders of the Viceroy the Duke of Maqueda between 1608-1620 by Giulio Lasso at the crossing of the two principal streets in Palermo, the Via Maqueda and the Corso Vittorio Emanuele.

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The Orto Botanico di Palermo (Palermo Botanical Garden) is both a botanical garden and a research and educational institution forming part of, and managed by, the Department of Botany of the University of Palermo. The garden lies within the city of Palermo, at 10 metres above sea-level. It covers about 30 acres on top of red soil that has evolved on a calcareous tufaceous substratum.

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