The city of Naples is situated on the sea between to volcanic areas, the famous volcano of Mount Vesuvius and the Phlegraean Fields. Naples is the capital city of the Italian region of Campania and is noted for it’s rich history, art, culture and, of course, its cuisine, Naples is the birth-place of the Pizza. The historic centre of the city is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site and is the largest in Europe with twenty-seven centuries of history.
Naples is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, dating back to the Bronze Age Greek settlements. Unfortunately Naples was the most-bombed Italian city during World War II and has had to rebuild and develop much of the city, and although Naples has its wonderful historical and archaeological side to it, it also has its creative side with plenty of new projects always under way. Throughout Naples are hidden gems in the way of its many museums, castles, churches, squares and archaeological remains which can be discovered along the narrow winding streets. The Port of Naples is one of Europe’s most important ports. Over the last few years Naples has become a firm favourite of tourists from far and wide who want to discover the beauties that this wonderful city has to offer.
The historic parts of Naples are not just stored away in museums, they are part of life in the city and one just has to visit and explore to be able to see the past which makes Naples what it is today.
Castel dell’Ovo, translates as Egg Castle, is a castle located on the former island of Megaride, now a peninsula, on the gulf of Naples. The castle’s name comes from a medieval legend which tells that the Roman poet Virgil, who developed a medieval reputation as a great sorcerer as well, put a magical egg in the foundations to support them.
Castel Nuovo often called Maschio Angioino, is a castle in the city of Naples, southern Italy. It is the main symbol of the architecture of the city. Castel Nuovo has been expanded or renovated several times since it was first begun in 1279. Before the accession of Charles I of Anjou to the throne in 1266, the capital of the Kingdom of Naples was Palermo.
The Palace of Capodimonte/Reggia di Capodimonte, is a grand Bourbonpalazzo in Naples, Italy, formerly the summer residence and hunting lodge of the kings of the Two Sicilies. It today houses the National Museum of Capodimonte and art gallery of the city. “Capodimonte” means “top of the hill”, and the palace was originally just outside the city, which has now expanded to surround it, and somewhat cooler than the city in summer.
The Royal Palace is a palace in Naples, southern Italy. It is one of the four residences used by the Bourbon Kings of Naples during their rule of the Kingdom of Two Sicilies (1730-1860): one is in Caserta, another on the Capodimonte hill overlooking Naples, and the third (now the site of the agricultural department of the University of Naples) is in Portici on the slopes of Vesuvius. The Royal Palace is on the site of an earlier building meant to host King Philip III of Spain, who however never made the trip.
San Lorenzo Maggiore is a church in Naples, Italy. It is located at the precise geographic centre of the historic centre of the ancient Greco-Roman city, at the intersection of via San Gregorio Armeno and via dei Tribunali. The name “San Lorenzo” may also refer to the new museum now opened on the premises, as well as to the Roman archaeological site beneath the church itself. The church’s origins derive from the presence of the Franciscan order in Naples during the lifetime of St. Francis of Assisi, himself.
Castel Capuano is a castle in Naples, southern Italy. It takes its name from the fact that it was at that point in the city walls where the road led out to the city of Capua. The castle is at the east end of via dei Tribunali and until recently housed the Naples Hall of Justice, which has now moved to the new Civic Center, the Centro Direzionale. The structure was built in the 12th century by William I, the son of Roger II of Sicily, the first monarch of the Kingdom of Naples.
The Catacombs of San Gennaro are underground paleo-Christian burial sites in Naples, Italy. They are situated in the northern part of the city, on the slope leading up to Capodimonte. The site is now easily identified by the large church of Madre del Buon Consiglio. Originally, there were three separate cemeteries, dedicated, respectively, to Saint Gaudiosus (San Gaudioso), Saint Severus (San Severo) and St. Januarius (San Gennaro). These catacombs in Naples are different from their Roman counterparts in that they have more spacious passageways along two levels.
The Real Teatro di San Carlo is an opera house in Naples, Italy. It is the oldest continuously active such venue in Europe and it is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site. Founded by the Bourbon Charles VII of Naples (Carlo VII in Italian) of the Spanish branch of the dynasty, the theatre was inaugurated on 4 November 1737 — the king’s name day — with a performance of Domenico Sarro’s Achille in Sciro, an opera based on the play by the famous poet and dramatist who went by the name of Metastasio.
The Naples National Archaeological Museum /Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli, is a museum in Naples, southern Italy, at the north-west corner of the original Greek wall of the city of Neapolis. The museum contains a large collection of Roman artifacts from Pompeii, Stabiae and Herculaneum. The collection includes works of the highest quality produced in Greek, Roman and Renaissance times.
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