Milan – Milano is a city in Italy and the capital of the region of Lombardy and of the province of Milan. The city was founded under the name of Medhlan, by the Insubres, a Celtic people. Milan was later captured by the Romans in 222 BC, and it became very successful under the Roman Empire, being the capital city of the Western Roman Empire from 286 until 402 AD. Milan became one of the most prosperous Italian cities during the High Middle Ages, playing a primary role in the Lombard League. Later Milan became the capital city of the Duchy of Milan, being ruled by the Visconti, the Sforza, the Spanish and the Austrians. In 1796, Milan was conquered by Napoleon I and he made it the capital of his Kingdom of Italy in 1805. Later Milan became the capital city of the Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, which was part of the Austrian Empire. In 1859 the city was unified with the Kingdom of Sardinia, which later became the Kingdom of Italy. Read more
Milan Cathedral – Duomo di Milano – is the cathedral church of Milan in Lombardy, northern Italy. Dedicated to Santa Maria Nascente, it is the seat of the Archbishop of Milan. The Gothic cathedral took nearly six centuries to complete. It is the fourth largest cathedral in the world.
La Scala – Teatro alla Scala, is a world renowned opera house in Milan, Italy. The theatre was inaugurated on 3 August 1778 and was originally known as the New Royal-Ducal Theatre at La Scala –Nuovo Regio Ducale Teatro alla Scala. The premiere performance was Antonio Salieri’s Europa riconosciuta. Most of Italy’s greatest operatic artists, and many of the finest singers from other nations, too, have appeared at La Scala during the past 200 years.
Porta Sempione is a city gate of Milan, Italy. The name “Porta Sempione” is used both to refer to the gate proper and to the surrounding district, a part of the historic city centre, including the major avenue of Corso Sempione. The gate is marked by a landmark triumphal arch called Arco della Pace, dating back to the 19th century, but its origins can be traced back to a gate of the Roman walls of Milan.
The Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II is a covered double arcade formed of two glass-vaulted arcades at right angles intersecting in an octagon, prominently sited on the northern side of the Piazza del Duomo in Milan, and connects to the Piazza della Scala. Named after Vittorio Emanuele II, the first king of united Italy, it was originally designed in 1861 and built by Giuseppe Mengoni between 1865 and 1877.
The Museo Poldi Pezzoli is an art museum in Milan, Italy. The museum was originated in the 19th century as private collection of Gian Giacomo Poldi Pezzoli and his mother, Rosa Trivulzio, of the family of the condottiero Gian Giacomo Trivulzio, and has a particularly broad collection of Northern Italian and Netherlandish/Flemish artists.
West of Trentino and Veneto is Lombardy. Cattle are reared on the plains in the central and southern parts of the region and so meat features more in the dishes here, especially veal, a good example being “Ossobuco alla Milanese”. It is hardly surprising that risotto is one of the main dishes of Lombardy as rice grows so well in this region of Italy and rather than pasta, rice is the staple food of Lombardy. Cheese is also a major part of the cuisine of Lombardy and there are several excellent cheeses produced in the area.
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