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UNESCO Sights in Germany

A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a place (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that is listed by the UNESCO as of special cultural or physical significance. The list is maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 states parties which are elected by their General Assembly.

The program catalogues, names, and conserves sites of outstanding cultural or natural importance to the common heritage of humanity. Under certain conditions, listed sites can obtain funds from the World Heritage Fund. The programme was founded with the Convention Concerning the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage, which was adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO on November 16, 1972. Since then, 186 states party have ratified the convention. As of 2011, 936 sites are listed: 725 cultural, 183 natural, and 28 mixed properties, in 153 States Party. Italy is home to the greatest number of World Heritage Sites to date with 47 sites inscribed on the list. UNESCO references each World Heritage Site with an identification number; but new inscriptions often include previous sites now listed as part of larger descriptions. As a result, the identification numbers exceed 1200 even though there are fewer on the list. While each World Heritage Site remains part of the legal territory of the state wherein the site is located, UNESCO considers it in the interest of the international community to preserve each site.

Below is the list of UNESCO sites in Germany

Aachen Cathedral — 1978
Speyer Cathedral — 1981
Würzburg Residence, with the Court Gardens and Residence Square — 1981
Pilgrimage Church of Wies — 1983
Castles of Augustusburg and Falkenlust in Brühl (Rhineland) — 1984
St. Mary’s Cathedral and St. Michael’s Church at Hildesheim — 1985
Roman monuments, Cathedral of St Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier. — 1986
Hanseatic City of Lübeck — 1987
Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin (including Schloß Sanssouci) — 1990, 1992, 1999
Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch — 1991
Mines of Rammelsberg and Historic Town of Goslar — 1992; extended to include Upper Harz Water Regale — 2010
Town of Bamberg — 1993
Maulbronn Monastery Complex — 1993
Collegiate Church, Castle and old Town of Quedlinburg — 1994
Völklingen Ironworks — 1994
Messel Pit Fossil site — 1995
Bauhaus and its sites in Weimar and Dessau: see Bauhaus Weimar and Bauhaus Dessau — 1996
Cologne Cathedral — 1996
Luther Memorials in Eisleben and Wittenberg — 1996
Classical Weimar — 1998
Museum Island (Museumsinsel), Berlin — 1999
Wartburg Castle — 1999
Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz — 2000
Monastic Island of Reichenau — 2000
Zeche Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex in Essen — 2001
Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar — 2002
Upper Middle Rhine Valley, the Rhine Gorge — 2002
Town Hall and Bremen Roland on the Marketplace of Bremen — 2004
Muskauer Park on both sides of the Neisse River — transboundary property, shared with Poland where it is known as Park Muzakowski — 2004
Frontiers of the Roman Empire: Upper German & Rhaetian Limes — transboundary property, shared with the United Kingdom: Hadrian’s Wall — 2005
Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof — 2006
Modernist Housing Estates in Berlin — 2008
Wadden Sea — 2009
Fagus Factory in Alfeld – 2011
Ancient Beech Forests of Germany (Linked with the Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians) – 2011

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