Wuppertal is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located in and around the valley of Wupper river, east of the city of Düsseldorf, south of the Ruhr area. With a population of around 350,000 it’s the biggest city of the hilly region Bergisches Land, characteristic are its steep slopes, woods and parks and the famous “floating” train Wuppertal Schwebebahn. In the 18th and 19th century it was one of the biggest industrial regions on the main land of Europe, a lot of industrial buildings still can be found along river and meadows. Two thirds of the total municipal area is green belt: woods, meadows, gardens and fields. From any part of the city it is only a ten-minute walk in one of the public parks or woodland paths. At the same time it is a major industrial centre including such industries as: textiles, metallurgy, chemicals, medicine (Bayer), electric, automotive, rubber, vehicles and printing equipment. One of the world’s most famous pain-killers, Aspirin, was invented here, in 1897 by Bayer chemist Dr. Felix Hoffmann.
In total, Wuppertal possesses over 4,500 buildings classified as national monuments, most dating from styles as Neoclassicism, Eclecticism Historicism, Art Nouveau/Jugendstil and Bauhaus.
Main sights include:
- Concert hall, a fine piece of turn-of-the-century architecture with great acoustics (Stadthalle)
- Wuppertal Dance Theatre (Tanztheater Wuppertal), a world-famous center of modern dance founded by the choreographer Pina Bausch
- Engels house (Engels-haus), architecturally typical of the region. It houses a permanent display of materials associated with Friedrich Engels and other famous citizens of Wuppertal
- Wuppertal Zoo, a large, nicely landscaped zoo
- Botanischer Garten Wuppertal, a municipal botanical garden
- Arboretum Burgholz, an extensive arboretum
- Von der Heydt Museum, an important art gallery with works by 19th and 20th century artists. The first of Picasso’s works that ever appeared in public was displayed here.
- Skulpturenpark Waldfrieden, a sculpture park with exhibition hall, founded by sculptor Tony Cragg