With the Allianz Arena, Herzog & de Meuron have designed a stadium construction of world-class standards. The external skin and the roofing of the stadium ring are made of thousands of diamond-shaped, air-filled cushions which, during home games, are illuminated in the colours of Munich’s two major football clubs: red for FC Bayern and blue and white for TSV 1860. The stadium’s three
steeply pitched tiers of seating (66,000 capacity) allow spectators to enjoy matches from up close.
BMW Welt is the company’s new car delivery and BMW experience center. Opposite the suspended roofs of the Olympic complex and right next door to the BMW skyscraper and company museum, the BMW Welt lives up to the architectural challenge of its environment and surroundings. The dynamic arc of the building’s opposing cone structure swirls up into the air, crowned by a roof which the company calls “the cloud”. The curved, solar-paneled flat roof covers an area of 15,000 m².
A stylish shopping complex, which stands for fresh architecture combined with respect for existing, organic innercity structures: With the “Fünf Höfe” in the Theatinerstrasse, architects Herzog & de Meuron have opened a previously closed-up, historical oldtown block and transformed it into a modern ensemble of courtyards and passageways. Elegant stores,
cafés, restaurants and various art and design installations give each of the courtyards and each of the passages its own unique flair. The art collection of the Kunsthalle der Hypokulturstiftung is housed here as well (www.hypo-kunsthalle.de). The building onto the Theatinerstrasse openes through foldable, closing metal elements. In the second phase of construction, the façade on the Salvatorstrasse side of the building was designed by the Munich company of Hilmer & Sattler.
Munich’s most modern Catholic church, the “Herz Jesu Kirche” in the Neuhausen quarter of the city, impresses through its clear and reduced form. There is no ornament or painting which could distract from visitors’ search for introspection and peace. Valuable, noble materials and light – which falls through the external glass cover of the building and is filtered into the church’s
interior through vertical, light wooden slats – create a warm and contemplative atmosphere. The monumental, two-winged entrance gate of blue glass, which commands practically the entire façade of the church, is opened in summer for concerts and festivals.
Photo – Herz-Jesu-Kirche_Author-Allmann Sattler Wappner
A vividly colorful house for art of the 20 th and 21 st centuries: The Museum Brandhorst is the impressive new addition to Munich’s art quarter, the “Kunstareal”. The museum, created by the German-British architectural team of Matthias Sauerbruch and Louisa Hutton, is a long, narrow construction. The external skin of the building is made of a kind of blind, created
from 36,000 glazed ceramic rods, which shimmer in varying colors, according to the prevailing light conditions. Inside, three exhibition areas are revealed, connected to each other through large stairways. Alongside its exceptional aesthetics, the Museum Brandhorst is also a role model of environmental responsibility due to a modern lighting concept which places natural daylight at the fore, as well as the building’s energysaving temperature regulation systems, ground water pumps and use of heat-exchange technology. The building’s external “cloak” also soaks up street noise, leaving a serenely quiet interior.
The synagogue stands on SanktJakobs-Platz in the heart of the city. Designed by architects Wandel Hoefer Lorch, the synagogue is part of the „Jüdisches Zentrum Jakobsplatz“ (Jewish Center Jakobsplatz), which also features the Jewish Museum, a community house with concert hall and restaurant, as well as a school and library. As the most important structure in this group, the synagogue stands alone on the square. Its
pediment, covered with natural stone, is reminiscent of the temple in Jerusalem. The bright, glass construction with a skeleton of steel, reminiscent of intertwining Stars of David, stands for the original tented temple or tabernacle of Jewish tradition. This roof construction is illuminated at night. Cedar wood from Lebanon and stone from Israel are the most important interior materials. Awarded the German Award for Town Planning (Deutsche Städtebaupreis) in 2008 the Jewish Center Jakobsplatz has, through its architectural and urban concept, turned a previously largely ignored corner of the city into a place of cultural and human contact and exchange.
The Pavilion from Uwe Kiessler in Petuelpark, in the northern part of Schwabing, is a much more temporary feature and can be enjoyed the whole year through. The two-story, cube-form building has a projecting flat roof and generous glazing. The light, white park pavilion is used as a café (Café Ludwig) and as exhibition space KUBUS. The Petuelpark is a modern, newly constructed park, created over the Petuel tunnel
in northern Munich, furnished with public art and water features.
The“Pinakothek der Moderne“ is one of the world’s largest museums for the graphic art of the 20th and 21st centuries. Four independent institutions present themselves under one roof with permanent and temporary exhibitions: The collection of modern art of the Bavarian State Art Collection (www.pinakothek.de/en/home), the “New Collection” of the International Design Museum (www.die-neue-sammlung.de), the Architecture Museum of the
Technical University of Munich (das Archtitekturmuseum der Technischen Universität München – www.architekturmuseum.de/en/index.php),as well as the stateowned “Staatliche Graphische Sammlung” collection of works (www.sgsm.eu). The building, created by Munich architect, Stephan Braunfels, reflects the autonomy of each separate collection while also reflecting their affiliation to the whole. From the outside, it is a free-standing quadratic block of white concrete with a column feature in front of the glazed entry area, yet the construction is completed by an interior dominated by a central, light-flooded rotunda. Under the massive glass dome are the entrance foyer and the conical steps which lead to the various exhibition levels. Undisturbed sight lines allow for suprising insights and long views from the foyer into the individual collections.
The Lenbachhaus has been completely overhauled and expanded by the architects Foster + Partners, and soon famous works by Wassily Kandinsky, Gabriele Münter, Franz Marc, August Macke and Paul Klee will again be on show in Munich. These are the works that give the Lenbachhaus its world reputation. Sir Norman Foster’s new masterpiece – well known in Germany for his outstanding design of the
Berlin Reichstag building – in Munich provided the setting that the Blue Rider deserves. The other focuses of the collection, which make the museum in the former villa of painter Franz von Lenbach so unusually diverse, will also be on show again. Treasures of nineteenth-century painting and a large international collection of contemporary art will be presented in the refurbished villa and the new building, including unique work groups by artists like Gerhard Richter and Joseph Beuys, which so perfectly represent the creativity and range of contemporary art.
Photo – Author-Rufus46_Lenbachhaus_Muenchen
The ”Wohnturm Park Plaza“ from Munich architects, Otto Steidle + Partner, has become a symbol for the new quarter of the city which has developed on the old exhibition center site, in the ”Westend“ area of Munich. The construction’s 44 meters of height have taken the place of the exhibition center tower, which previously stood on the same site. The strong color scheme of warm orange is typical for the architects.
Balconies and apartments run out from all sides of the block, like the drawers of a cabinet and, together with the unevenly distributed windows, bring movement into the building’s façade. With 14 floors, the “Wohnturm Park Plaza” is one of the very few high-rise buildings in the city center, and is used solely for residential purposes.
The futuristic gate to the city for all those arriving in Munich by coach or bus, is the new central bus station at the “Hackerbrücke“ bridge. A huge mantel of slim aluminum pipes bends itself around the slanting glass of the actual building. The ground floor terminal, with parking bays for 29 buses, is for guests to arrive and depart. On the floor above, travelers and residents can shop or eat and
drink. On the second floor, passengers can buy their tickets. From the terrace and the large, open waiting room above, visitors can enjoy the view to the “Frauenkirche” cathedral and the main railway station. Below the central bus station, ten meters underground, is Munich’s newest dance location, Neuraum (www.neuraum.net). The central bus station is well connected to other public transport in Munich. There are direct links to the city center via the S-Bahn railway (Hackerbrücke station) and tram.
Photo- Zentraler Omnibusbahnhof Munich Author- Jeff-mika
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