Holasovice (Holaschowitz) is a small historic village located in the south of the Czech Republic, 15 kilometres west of Ceské Budejovice. Village belongs to the municipality Jankov. To the south lies the protected landscape area of Blansky Forest. The village was deserted after the Second World War, allowing its medieval plan and vernacular buildings in the South Bohemian Folk or Rural Baroque style to remain intact. It was restored and repopulated from 1990, and it was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1998.
Holasovice is first mentioned in 1263. In 1292, King Venceslaus II gave the village and several others to the Cistercian monastery of Vyssí Brod. It remained the property of the monastery until 1848. Between 1520 and 1525, Holasovice was nearly wiped out by the bubonic plague. Only two of its inhabitants survived. A column erected over the plague grave at the north end of the village commemorates this event. The monastery gradually repopulated the village with settlers from Bavaria and Austria. By 1530, the population had risen to 17, according to the monastery’s records, and it had become a mainly German-speaking enclave within the Czech language area. By 1895, there were 157 inhabitants of German ethnic origin and 19 of Czech ethic origin. After the displacement of German residents at the end of the Second World War, many farms in the village were deserted and fell into disrepair. Holasovice became a desolate and abandoned place under the Czech post-war Communist regime. From 1990, the village was lavishly restored and inhabited once more. It now has a population of around 140.
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