Information on the Town Hall with Astronomical Clock in Olomouc
The Olomouc Town Hall building, which dominates the Upper Square (Horní námestí), has been for more than six centuries a symbol of economic and political importance of the former royal capital of Moravia.
Today it is the most important monument of non-religious architecture in Olomouc and, besides the Archbishop’s Palace and six ancient churches, it is the only monument with public or representative function still serving its original purpose today, accommodating the headquarters of the elected city government and its office.
The construction of the Olomouc Town Hall with a mercantile house was allowed by a privilege from the Moravian Margrave Jost of Luxembourg in 1378.
The Olomouc Astronomical Clock is situated in the northern facade of the Town Hall. It is set into a 14 m high pointed-arched recess. The present-day appearance of the Clock dates back to the 50s of the 20th Century and bears the traces of the former official aesthetic of socialist realism. The mosaic decoration of the Clock is made of various portrayals on the lateral sides of the recess depicting characteristic work for each month of the year. The author of the design, Karel Svolinský, introduced the folklore motif of the Ride of the Kings at the top of the recess. Figures representing the different working classes are depicted in the lower part of the mosaic decoration.
Town Hall Tower
The Olomouc Town Hall Tower was built together with the stone Town Hall building in the twenties of the 15th century. The construction was finished by the year 1443 after it had been roofed over. The Tower, whose first floor housed the city archive, was about one-third lower at that time than it is today. The Town Hall Tower‘s current height of 75 m was gained during the subsequent reconstructions in 1601-1607. At that time a new roof fitted with the characteristic high dome with four side towers was placed at the newly built part which includes a stone gallery and a tower watchman’s room.
Information courtesy of Olomouc Tourism
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