Olomouc, the one hundred thousand inhabitant metropolis of the fruitful Haná and the sixth largest city in the Czech Republic lies right in the heart of Moravia and in the past was its capital city. Currently, it is home to the ancient university, the archdiocese, the philharmonic, numerous museums, theatres and clubs, the venue for many interesting events and festivals. For centuries, Olomouc belonged among the most significant residence of the Czech Monarchy.A world rarity is the original medieval astronomical clock in the façade of the Town Hall, following WWII renovated in the spirit of socialist realism. A thirty-two meter high column of the Holy Trinity – UNESCO monument, a group of six Baroque fountains and a magical new age Arion ’s Fountain, are other unique monuments in the city’s historical centre.
Wenceslas ’ Hill top is dominated by high spires of Saint Wenceslas ’ Cathedral and an adjacent palace located at the former site of the Olomouc castle.
It is definitely worth spending some time in Olomouc!
Apart from the countless sights, numerous reminders of a military history of the former Olomouc forts await you here. The entire city is surrounded by a ring of advanced forts, which still exist today in an almost unchanged character. In the gorgeous city orchards, you will also find the remains of the medieval forts of the city as well as the Crown fortress, which is gradually becoming the centre for culture and relaxation.
Cathedral,Churches and Chapels in Olomouc. Olomouc is a unique complex of landmarks, including churches, cathedrals and chapels, whose monumentality can be admired in many parts of the city centre. They will guide us across historical epochs and architectural styles from Romanesque to Neo-Gothic. The main landmark among cathedrals is the St. Wenceslas Cathedral and the Baroque domes of the St. Michael’s Church.
St Wenceslas’ Cathedral with its two-tower face is an integral part of the city skyline. The third, the southern tower standing 100.65 meters high, is the tallest church tower in Moravia (and the second highest in the country). The three-naved hall of the church comes from the original medieval layout.
The Baroque pilgrimage church with a two-tower frontage is a distinctive landmark of the landscape around Olomouc. Adjoining the church building, there are side wings with an attic carrying statues of 12 apostles and two saints – Saint Sebastian.and Saint Roch. Behind the church, there are a cloister and the Chapel of the Virgin Mary. The ceiling of the single-naved interior is vaulted over by a massive dome. The nave is flanked by side chapels.
Church of the Vigin Mary of the Snow Olomouc. The single-nave church of the Virgin Mary of the Snow is part of a complex of former Jesuit school buildings. It was built by the local master builder Lukas Kleckel between the years 1712-1716 based on a project by Michael Joseph Klein of Nisa. It is a typical example of a church of the Jesuit order with a crown of chapels around the main nave.
The Archbishop’s Palace belongs to the most important early-Baroque buildings in Moravia. It was built under the project of the Italian architect Filiberto Luchese on the site of an earlier Renaissance palace. The layout of the Palace consists of seven two-storey wings, surrounding two inner rectangular courtyards. The long street frontage has a richly structured facade with three portals. A representative staircase and ceremonial halls emphasize the palatial character of the building. An original Baroque stucco decoration of the rooms has been preserved in the interior.
The Merchants Houses of Olomouc. The house belongs to the collection of 15 privileged merchants’ houses called “Under wealthy shops”. We can find these being mentioned as early as 1362. The corner palace originated with the connection of two medieval residential plots. As a remainder of an old core there are Gothic and Renaissance cellars and also ground-floor rooms with a late Gothic reticulated comb vault from the 15th century.
Palaces of Olomouc. The Romanesque Bishop’s Palace, formerly better known as the Premyslid Palace, is located on the Wenceslas Hill. Its name is associated with Moravian Appanage Princes of the Premyslid dynasty who had their castle here in the 11th century already. The preserved parts of the palace buildings however, come from the later era of the Bishop Jindrich Zdík.
Churches in Olomouc. The Parish Church of St. Maurice ranks among the most precious buildings of the late Gothic style in Moravia. The three-naved structure has a cross vaulting (also known as a groin vault) dating from the middle of the 14th century. A more advanced net vault may be seen in the presbytery.
The region around Olomouc. The heart of the Hana region is very rich in monuments. The historic sights of Olomouc would surely be sufficient, but the region itself has also lots of attractions. The fairytale-like Bouzov Castle is located just about 35 km from Olomouc. Other well known castles include Sovinec Castle or Helfstyn Castle, renowned for its annual gathering of blacksmiths called “Hefaiston”.
Museums in Olomouc. Olomouc boasts interesting museums. The Archdiocesan Museum, which is part of the Olomouc Museum of Art, is a unique one. In addition to the tour of the Olomouc Castle remains, visitors will see a permanent exhibition of visual arts of the Olomouc Archdiocese of the past millennium.
Art Galleries in Olomouc. Lovers of art come into their own in Olomouc. Apart from art collections, which are displayed in local museums, there is also plenty to see in local galleries. There are exhibition galleries as well as sales galleries. The most popular are the vernissages, where the public can meet the authors of art works themselves.
Palaces and Buildings in Olomouc. Olomouc is a unique complex of landmarks, including churches, cathedrals and chapels, whose monumentality can be admired in many parts of the city centre. They will guide us across historical epochs and architectural styles from Romanesque to Neo-Gothic. The main landmark among cathedrals is the St. Wenceslas Cathedral and the Baroque domes of the St. Michael’s Church.