Santos is a municipality in the São Paulo state of Brazil, founded in 1546 by the Portuguese nobleman Brás Cubas. It is partially located on the island of São Vicente, which harbors both the city of Santos and the city of São Vicente (which was the first Portuguese permanent settlement in the Americas). It is the main city in the metropolitan region of Baixada Santista. Santos has the biggest seaport in Latin America. It has large industrial complexes and shipping centers, which handle a large portion of the world’s coffee exports, as well as a number of other Brazilian exports including steel, oil, cars, oranges, bananas and cotton. The city is also home to the Coffee Museum, where, once, coffee prices were negotiated. There is also a football memorial, dedicated to the city’s greatest players, which includes Pelé, who played for Santos Futebol Clube. Its beachfront garden, 5.335 mts in length, figures in the Guinness Book of Records as the largest beachfront garden in the world. The exportation of coffee from the Port of Santos gave rise to the city and mostly accounted for the wealth of the city at the turn of the 19th to the 20th century. Exportation and importation through its port have made it the modern city one finds today. Adorning the landscape of the port city are the canals that are over a hundred years old. In 1899, Santos was the point of entry for the bubonic plague into Brazil. In 1924, it became the seat of theRoman Catholic Diocese of Santos.
Despite the fact that its located just outside the tropics, Santos has a tropical rainforest climate with no real dry season. Tropical rainforest climates are typically found near the equator, so Santos featuring this type of climate is an exceptional situation. All months of the year averages more than 60 mm of rainfall during the course of the year. Santos features warm weather throughout the year, though June in Santos is somewhat cooler (and drier) than January. The average temperature in the city during the month of June is 23°C, while the average temperature in January is 28°C. Precipitation in Santos is appallingly copious, amounting to 2,081 mm (81.9 in) annually. Santos lies in one of the few isolated regions of Brazil outside of the tropical Amazon Basin that receive more than 2,000 mm (79 in) of total average precipitation annually, although nearby Ubatuba approximately 140 km (87 mi) to the ENE is considerably wetter than Santos, receiving an average of 2,645 mm (104.1 in) of precipitation annually.
Sights in Santos
The gardens of the edge of Santos , located in Santos , a city in Brazil ‘s São Paulo coast , form the largest beach front garden extension in the world. The coastline stretches for seven city districts: Aparecida , Boqueirão , Embaré , Gonzaga, Jose Menino , Pompéia and Ponta da Praia , and is a great source of biological resources and species of flowers and birds.
The “Bolsa Official De Cafe building” has undergone restoration which was completed in 1998, performed very competently by the State Government of São Paulo. The building has became a monument of great historical grandeur, offering facilities very appropriate for the operation of the Coffee Museum.
Santos Futebol Clube is a Brazilian professional football club based in Santos, São Paulo They play in the Campeonato Paulista. and the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, the highest professional leagues in São Paulo state and Brazil, respectively. Founded as Santos Foot-Ball Club on April 14, 1912
This is a park covering 90,000m², with more than 300 catalogued plant species, divided into 20 botanical collections, such as Amazon and Atlantic Forest, hardwood, 65 species of palm trees and endangered species. This diversity can be appreciated on a guided tour. The park offers a playground, as well as 100 meters of paved, well-lit paths, marked every 100 meters, facilitating sports activities. It also has wooden benches and tables, ideal for looking out over the three lakes, home to tilapia and carp, with frequent visits by aquatic birds. Work on the park began in 1925 in the old Municipal Nursery Gardens, located beside Santa Casa hospital, where City Hall gardeners planted the first seedlings and cuttings. In 1973, this work began to be carried out in the current grounds, in Bom Retiro, which then became the Botanical Gardens in 1994, when it started to offer conservation programs, especially for native Atlantic Forest species.
Sitting on top of Monte Serrat, 157 meters above sea level, this sanctuary affords a 3600 panorama of the entire city and partial view of the municipalities of São Vicente, Cubatão, Guarujá and Praia Grande. The statue of Nossa Senhora do Monte Serrat, patron saint of Santos, whose saint’s day is celebrated on September 8th, and the stories of her miracles are the big attractions here in the heart of the city. The chapel was built between 1598 and 1603, and access to the sanctuary is by funicular railway or by 415 steps, with 14 niches representing the Way of Sorrows
The second most popular attraction in the state of São Paulo, second only to the São Paulo Zoo, the Aquarium is the perfect spot for leisure, fun, culture and research, exhibiting hundreds of rare, interesting aquatic species from all over the world. There are thousands of creatures, both fresh and salt water, living in their reconstituted natural habitats, making this the most popular tourist site in Santos. Added attractions are Fraldinha, the first penguin born in captivity in Brazil, and and the sea lion, the main attraction.
Departing from Praça Mauá, five streetcars with an attached carriage take in the main streets and buildings of the Historical Center, giving visitors a trip to the past along the five-kilometer route. Stops to get on and off can be found at Outeiro de Santa Catarina, the hill that marks the foundation of the Vila de Santos settlement, and at Palácio Saturnino de Brito, Sabesp (São Paulo Water Company) headquarters – from this point it’s possible to get to the Monte Serrat Tourist Complex, which affords a 3600 panoramic view of the city. In all, the line takes in 40 points of tourist and historical interest.
Built in neo-gothic style, the Cathedral is the seat of the Parish of Nossa Senhora do Rosário. In 1907, the Mother Church, a ruin at the time, was demolished and a square, Praça da República, was built in its place. The new Cathedral was begun in 1909, inaugurated in 1924 but only completed in 1951.
It has three naves, two marble side altars and two chapels, one each side of the main altar: one dedicated to the Blessed Sacrament, with frescos by Benedito Calixto, and one dedicated to Our Lady of Fatima. An altar in honor of Saint Josefina Bakhita was added in 2001. She was canonized by virtue of a favor granted to a citizen of Santos. There is also a crypt with ossuary, and a chapel. The church received the title of cathedral because it houses the bishop’s seat, known as ‘cathedra’.
Built in imposing neo-gothic style, this church was inaugurated in 1945, and in 1952 was elevated to the status of basilica by Pope Pius Xll. It originated as a small chapel erected in 1875 by Antônio Ferreira da Silva Jr., Viscount of Embaré, and his wife, and handed to the Franciscans in 1913, who began work on the new building in 1930.
A classic composition above the main entrance depicts Saint Anthony receiving the infant Jesus from the hands of the Virgin. Interestingly, the image of Saint Peter – which should be on the right when you leave the church, since he is always the apostle on Christ’s right – stands on the left, while Saint Paul is on the right. Inside, the 18 meters of floor to ceiling space are completely covered by frescos, the work of Pedro Gentili. These were executed in 1946 and restored in 2001. Flanked by two wooden sculpted angels, the magnificent organ has 3,800 pipes.
The Fort of Our Lady of Mount Serrat Santos was located on the island of São Vicente , near the village (now city) of Santos , the current city of Guaruja , state coastal Brazilian from Sao Paulo . The fort was started from 1543 for determination of Brás Cubas to defend the people of the town of Santos, against the repeated incursions of Tamoios (SOUSA, 1885:117). In 1553 , when the governor-general Tomé de Sousa (1549-1553) visited the captaincy of São Vicente , completed his artillery (SANTOS, 1948). It was also known as the Village Forte , Forte Square , Strong City and Fort Santos
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