Physiographically, Australasia includes New Zealand, Australia (including Tasmania), and Melanesia: New Guinea and neighbouring islands north and east of Australia in the Pacific Ocean. The designation is sometimes applied to all the lands and islands of the Pacific Ocean lying between the equator and latitude 47° south. The independent country of Papua New Guinea also includes approximately 600 offshore islands. Most of Australasia lies on the southern portion of the Indo-Australian Plate, flanked by the Indian Ocean to the west and the Southern Ocean to the south. Peripheral territories lie on the Eurasian Plate to the northwest, the Philippine Plate to the north, and in the Pacific Ocean – including numerous marginal seas – atop the Pacific Plate to the north and east.
Uluru is one of Australia’s most recognisable natural landmarks. The sandstone formation stands 348 m (1,142 ft) high (rising 863 m/2,831 ft above sea level), with most of its bulk lying underground, and has a total circumference of 9.4 km (5.8 mi). Both Uluru and the nearby Kata Tjuta formation have great cultural significance
Great Barrier Reef
One of Australia’s most stunning sights is the the Great Barrier reef. It is blessed with the breathtaking beauty of the world’s largest coral reef. It is a one of the seven wonders of the natural world. Larger than the great wall of China, it is the only living thing on earth visible from space. There are more than 2,900 individual reefsand 900 islands, covering an area of 35,000sq km. Some 400 different varieties of coral, both hard and soft coral,these give the reef it’s amazing array of colours and provide homes for 1,500 types of fish
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